Macaranga incisa Gage
Macaranga megalophylla (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg.
Macaranga rugosa (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg.
Mappa gigantea Rchb.f. & Zoll.
Mappa macrophylla Kurz ex Teijsm. & Binn.
Mappa megalophylla Müll.Arg.
Mappa rugosa Müll.Arg.
Rottlera gigantea (Rchb.f. & Zoll.) Rchb.f. & Zoll. ex Kurz
Tanarius giganteus (Rchb.f. & Zoll.) Kuntze
Tanarius megallophyllus (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze
Tanarius rugosus (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze
Macaranga gigantea is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 30 metres tall, but is usually smaller. It has a straight bole that is up to 50 cm in diameter[
]. In young plants the large, almost circular leaves can be up to 1 metre long[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a glue and a medicine. It has potential for use in reforestation projects[
Southeast Asia - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia.
A very broad ecological range, occurring from lowland coastal and swampy areas, to elevations of 800 - 1,000 metres[
]. It is one of the earliest colonists of degraded land, but can also be found in large forest gaps within primary forest[
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Usually found on sandy clay to sandy soils in the wild[
Under good soil conditions this species can grow exceptionally quickly[
Trees commence flowering when about 5 - 10 metres tall[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required[
A decoction of the root bark is used in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery[
A natural pioneer species in its native environment, where it rapidly invades disturbed areas and is very fast growing[
]. It is regularly found to be one of the dominant tree species in regenerating forests after 10 - 20 years following the abandonment of shifting cultivation[
]. It could be used in reforestation projects to restore native forest[
The reddish brown sap of the tree is used as a wood glue by local people[
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