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Useful Tropical Plants

Macaranga gigantea

(Rchb.f. & Zoll.) Müll.Arg.

Euphorbiaceae

+ Synonyms

Macaranga incisa Gage

Macaranga megalophylla (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg.

Macaranga rugosa (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg.

Mappa gigantea Rchb.f. & Zoll.

Mappa macrophylla Kurz ex Teijsm. & Binn.

Mappa megalophylla Müll.Arg.

Mappa rugosa Müll.Arg.

Rottlera gigantea (Rchb.f. & Zoll.) Rchb.f. & Zoll. ex Kurz

Tanarius giganteus (Rchb.f. & Zoll.) Kuntze

Tanarius megallophyllus (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze

Tanarius rugosus (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze

Common Name:

Macaranga gigantea
Inflorescence
Photograph by: Ahmad Fuad Morad
Creative Commons License
Macaranga gigantea Macaranga gigantea

General Information

Macaranga gigantea is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 30 metres tall, but is usually smaller. It has a straight bole that is up to 50 cm in diameter[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
,
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
]. In young plants the large, almost circular leaves can be up to 1 metre long[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
,
730
Title
A Field Guide to Forest Trees of Northern Thailand
Publication
 
Author
Gardener S.; Sidisunthorn P.; Anusarnsunthorn V.
Publisher
Kobfai Publishing Project; Bangkok.
Year
2000
ISBN
974-7799-01-4
Description
An excellent, concise guide to 430 species, plus notes on another 450 species. Excellent photographs and a separate section on distribution and plant uses.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a glue and a medicine. It has potential for use in reforestation projects[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).

Range

Southeast Asia - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia.

Habitat

A very broad ecological range, occurring from lowland coastal and swampy areas, to elevations of 800 - 1,000 metres[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
]. It is one of the earliest colonists of degraded land, but can also be found in large forest gaps within primary forest[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height25.00 m
Growth RateFast
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Usually found on sandy clay to sandy soils in the wild[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
].
Under good soil conditions this species can grow exceptionally quickly[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
].
Trees commence flowering when about 5 - 10 metres tall[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A decoction of the root bark is used in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

A natural pioneer species in its native environment, where it rapidly invades disturbed areas and is very fast growing[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
]. It is regularly found to be one of the dominant tree species in regenerating forests after 10 - 20 years following the abandonment of shifting cultivation[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
]. It could be used in reforestation projects to restore native forest[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Other Uses

The reddish brown sap of the tree is used as a wood glue by local people[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed -

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