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Useful Tropical Plants

Lygodium heterodoxum

Kunze

Schizaeaceae

+ Synonyms

Hydroglossum heterodoxum (Kunze) T.Moore

Hydroglossum spectabile Liebm.

Lygodictyon heterodoxum (Kunze) J.Sm.

Common Name:

Lygodium heterodoxum
Botanical specimen of the fertile fronds
Photograph by: Missouri Botanical Garden
Creative Commons License

General Information

Lygodium heterodoxum is a slender, evergreen, climbing fern with a short-creeping rhizome[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. All species of the genus have an elongated climbing rachis (leaf stem) that has the capacity for indefinite growth, often reaching lengths of several metres. It twines around other plants for support, often climbing up from the shade into a sunny position[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use of its stems, which are used in basketry.

Known Hazards

Although we have found no reports of toxicity for this species, a number of ferns contain carcinogens so some caution is advisable[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Many ferns also contain thiaminase, an enzyme that robs the body of its vitamin B complex. In small quantities this enzyme will do no harm to people eating an adequate diet that is rich in vitamin B, though large quantities can cause severe health problems. The enzyme is destroyed by heat or thorough drying, so cooking the plant will remove the thiaminase[
172
Title
Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest.
Publication
 
Author
Schofield. J. J.
Publisher
Alaska Northwest Books; Alaska
Year
2003
ISBN
0882403699
Description
A nice guide to some useful plants in that area.
].

Botanical References

489
Title
Ferns and Fern Allies of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1981
ISBN
 
Description
A flora of the ferns of Guatemala, giving some plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Central America - Costa Rica to Mexico.

Habitat

Scandent or trailing on trees, shrubs and herbs, in forests and damp thickets at elevations from sea level to 1,000 metres[
489
Title
Ferns and Fern Allies of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1981
ISBN
 
Description
A flora of the ferns of Guatemala, giving some plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Fern
Height10.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


The roots can be planted in a shady position, allowing the plant to climb up into the sun[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Prefers a neutral to slightly acid soil[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The petiole and lower parts of the rachis (leaf stem) are used in basket making[
489
Title
Ferns and Fern Allies of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1981
ISBN
 
Description
A flora of the ferns of Guatemala, giving some plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. They are considered to be better than 'mimbre,' the vining stem of Monstera or Philodendron, which is sold in the local markets[
489
Title
Ferns and Fern Allies of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1981
ISBN
 
Description
A flora of the ferns of Guatemala, giving some plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Spores.
Division.
Serpentine layering. An actively growing frond is pinned down onto the soil surface at each node, where it may root and shoot out as a new plant[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-22. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Lygodium+heterodoxum>

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