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Useful Tropical Plants

Lygodium circinnatum

(Burm.f.) Sw.

Schizaeaceae


We are following the treatment in the Flora of China[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
] in spelling the specific name circinnatum, based on the basionym Ophioglossum circinnatum Burm.f.. Several other publications, however, spell the specific name circinatum[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Hydroglossum circinnatum (Burm.f.) Willd.

Hydroglossum pedatum (Burm.f.) Willd.

Lygodium basilanicum Christ

Lygodium conforme C.Chr.

Lygodium dichotomum (Cav.) Sw.

Lygodium pedatum (Burm.f.) Sw.

Ophioglossum circinnatum Burm.f.

Ophioglossum pedatum Burm.f.

Ugena dichotoma Cav.

Ugena macrostachya Cav.

Common Name:

Lygodium circinnatum
Fertile fronds with immature sporangia in foreground and mature in the background
Photograph by: Tjut Jul Fatisa Bangun
Creative Commons License
Lygodium circinnatum Lygodium circinnatum

General Information

Lygodium circinnatum is an evergreen, scrambling, climbing fern with a short, creeping rhizome[
437
Title
Fern Databank, Sahah.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.forest.sabah.gov.my
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the ferns growing at Sabah in Indonesia. A description, habitat and plant uses are givem, often accompanied by a photo.
]. All species of the genus have an elongated climbing rachis (leaf stem) that has the capacity for indefinite growth, often reaching lengths of several metres. It twines around other plants for support, often climbing up from the shade into a sunny position[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The plant is gathered from the wild for use as food and medicine. The stems are used as tying material and are very popular for making traditional baskets that are sold in markets, especially to tourists. The plant is also grown as an ornamental, being valued especially for its ability to quickly cover unsightly structures and providing shade for other plants[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Known Hazards

Although we have found no reports of toxicity for this species, a number of ferns contain carcinogens so some caution is advisable[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Many ferns also contain thiaminase, an enzyme that robs the body of its vitamin B complex. In small quantities this enzyme will do no harm to people eating an adequate diet that is rich in vitamin B, though large quantities can cause severe health problems. The enzyme is destroyed by heat or thorough drying, so cooking the plant will remove the thiaminase[
172
Title
Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest.
Publication
 
Author
Schofield. J. J.
Publisher
Alaska Northwest Books; Alaska
Year
2003
ISBN
0882403699
Description
A nice guide to some useful plants in that area.
].

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet

Range

E. Asia - India, Sri Lanka, China, throughout southeast Asia to the Pacific Islands.

Habitat

Light shade in evergreen forests[
437
Title
Fern Databank, Sahah.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.forest.sabah.gov.my
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the ferns growing at Sabah in Indonesia. A description, habitat and plant uses are givem, often accompanied by a photo.
]. Found in wet soils and never in places where the soil becomes seasonally dry[
437
Title
Fern Databank, Sahah.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.forest.sabah.gov.my
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the ferns growing at Sabah in Indonesia. A description, habitat and plant uses are givem, often accompanied by a photo.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Fern
Height3.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


The roots can be planted in a shady position, allowing the plant to climb up into the sun[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Prefers a neutral to slightly acid soil[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Requires a moist soil that does not become dry[
437
Title
Fern Databank, Sahah.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.forest.sabah.gov.my
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the ferns growing at Sabah in Indonesia. A description, habitat and plant uses are givem, often accompanied by a photo.
].

Edible Uses

Young leaves - cooked and used as a vegetable[
437
Title
Fern Databank, Sahah.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.forest.sabah.gov.my
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the ferns growing at Sabah in Indonesia. A description, habitat and plant uses are givem, often accompanied by a photo.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Medicinal

The plant has been used as a childbirth medicine[
437
Title
Fern Databank, Sahah.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.forest.sabah.gov.my
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the ferns growing at Sabah in Indonesia. A description, habitat and plant uses are givem, often accompanied by a photo.
]. It is used as a contraceptive, the root and stem being taken internally[
438
Title
Ferns and Man in New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Croft. J.
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/fern/ferns-man-ng.html
Publisher
 
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Based on a paper presented to Papua New Guinea Botany Society in 1982, gives a brief guide to the uses of 42 species of fern in New Guinea. Published on the internet.
]. It is also used to treat children's illnesses[
438
Title
Ferns and Man in New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Croft. J.
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/fern/ferns-man-ng.html
Publisher
 
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Based on a paper presented to Papua New Guinea Botany Society in 1982, gives a brief guide to the uses of 42 species of fern in New Guinea. Published on the internet.
].
The pounded leaves are applied to wounds[
437
Title
Fern Databank, Sahah.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.forest.sabah.gov.my
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the ferns growing at Sabah in Indonesia. A description, habitat and plant uses are givem, often accompanied by a photo.
].

Other Uses

The plant stems are used throughout the lowland regions of New Guinea as a binding and lashing twine[
438
Title
Ferns and Man in New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Croft. J.
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/fern/ferns-man-ng.html
Publisher
 
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Based on a paper presented to Papua New Guinea Botany Society in 1982, gives a brief guide to the uses of 42 species of fern in New Guinea. Published on the internet.
]. They are of uniform diameter and extremely tough, wiry and durable[
438
Title
Ferns and Man in New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Croft. J.
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/fern/ferns-man-ng.html
Publisher
 
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Based on a paper presented to Papua New Guinea Botany Society in 1982, gives a brief guide to the uses of 42 species of fern in New Guinea. Published on the internet.
]. It is used for the tying of floats to outriggers and other lashing requirements on canoes[
438
Title
Ferns and Man in New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Croft. J.
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/fern/ferns-man-ng.html
Publisher
 
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Based on a paper presented to Papua New Guinea Botany Society in 1982, gives a brief guide to the uses of 42 species of fern in New Guinea. Published on the internet.
].
The best known use of the stems is in making finely woven basket ware, originally from the Bougainville area and known as 'Buka baskets', a technique now copied in many parts of the country[
438
Title
Ferns and Man in New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Croft. J.
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/fern/ferns-man-ng.html
Publisher
 
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Based on a paper presented to Papua New Guinea Botany Society in 1982, gives a brief guide to the uses of 42 species of fern in New Guinea. Published on the internet.
].
Splints prepared from the stems are used in the manufacture of baskets, hats, and fancy boxes[
345
Title
Minor Products of Philippine Forests
Publication
 
Author
Brown. W. H.
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry, Manilla.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
A useful guide to some of the plants of the area, though terse on details. The book is out of copyright and can be legally downloaded from the Internet.
]. The splints can be combined with buri (Corypha spp.) or some other fibre to make various fancy articles such as cigarette cases or pocketbooks. The effect is very pleasing, particularly when the plant stem is black[
345
Title
Minor Products of Philippine Forests
Publication
 
Author
Brown. W. H.
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry, Manilla.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
A useful guide to some of the plants of the area, though terse on details. The book is out of copyright and can be legally downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Spores.
Division.
Serpentine layering. An actively growing frond is pinned down onto the soil surface at each node, where it may root and shoot out as a new plant[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-12-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Lygodium+circinnatum>

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