Laguncularia rosea Gaudich.
Lumnitzera rosea (Gaudich.) C.Presl
Petaloma alba Blanco
Petaloma albiflora Zipp. ex Span.
Petaloma alternifolia Roxb.
Pokornya ettingshausenii Montr.
Problastes cuneifolia Reinw.
Three metre tall plant, growing on Bama Beach, Baluran National Park, Java
Photograph by: Wie146
Lumnitzera racemosa is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing up to 8 metres tall. The bole can be up to 30cm in diameter[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for its wood and the tannins in its bark.
Although it is common and has a very wide range, populations of this plant are decreasing due to habitat loss. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
E. Africa; E. Asia - S. China, Japan, Korea, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea.
Open remnant mangrove forests along sea shores, estuaries, lagoon sides, saltwater swamps, swamps, swampy meadows on sandy soils[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
A plant of the moist lowland tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 70 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 - 28°c, but can tolerate 15 - 32°c[
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 800 - 2,000mm, but tolerates up to 4,000mm[
]. When growing in the mangrove swamps, and subject to periodic inundation, it can survive on an annual rainfall of just 100mm[
Requires a sunny position[
]. Grows best in a fertile, clay soil[
]. Tolerant of quite high levels of salt in the soil[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 6.5 - 7, tolerating 6 - 7.5[
The bark is a source of tannins[
The wood is strong and very durable. It is used for many purposes[
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