Cylicodaphne garciae (Vidal) Nakai
Lepidadenia kawakamii (Hayata) Masam.
Litsea kawakamii Hayata
Tetradenia kawakamii (Hayata) Nemoto
Litsea garciae is an evergreen tree growing up to 26 metres tall. The bole can be 60cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild mainly for its edible fruit, which is generally well appreciated. It is sometimes cultivated for this fruit, especially in Indonesia, where in places it is one of the most commonly grown fruit trees[
E. Asia - Taiwan, Philippines.
A sub-canopy tree growing in evergreen, broadleaved forests[
]. Found on disturbed, open sites in mixed dipterocarp forests at elevations up to 200 metres[
]. Often along rivers or on hillsides with sandy to clay soils[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Found in dappled shade in the wild, though it can grow in brighter conditions if it is kept well watered.
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. A creamy, white flesh that is similar to an avocado (Persea americana) but softer with a more delicate flavour[
]. The thin, bright pink skin is also edible[
]. The pulp of the fruit is eaten either raw or steamed with rice[
]. Just before eating, the fruit is lightly rolled between the hands to bruise it and help release the flavour[
]. The fruit is a depressed-globose berry, 25 - 45mm in diameter[
The lightly burned bark is used to cure caterpillar stings[
An oil is extracted from the seeds[
]. It is used to manufacture candles and soap[
The pale, golden-yellow wood is rather loose textured. It is used in construction[
There are a number of tree species (including this one) from southeast Asia that are in the family Lauraceae and produce a useful timber that is either not distinct enough in itself, or is in insufficient supply, to warrant being traded individually. These various species have been lumped together under the trade name ‘medang’[
We do not have any more specific information of the wood from this species, but a general description of medang timber is as follows:-
The heartwood is very variable, from light-straw to red-brown and olive brown; the sapwood is ill-defined. The texture is moderately fine but even; the grain interlocked or wavy; the surface dull. The wood is soft to moderately hard, not very durable. It is easy to slightly difficult to resaw, and easy to moderately easy to cross-cut; easy to plane and the surface produced is smooth to moderately smooth. It is suitable for decorative work such as interior finishing, panelling, furniture and cabinet making. It is also suitable for plywood manufacture, whilst the heavier species are suitable for medium construction under cover[
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