The generic name is sometimes spelt Lithrea[
Lithraea aroeirinha March. ex Warm.
Lithraea ternifolia (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) F.A.Barkley
Lithrea molleoides (Vell.) Engl.
Rhus clausseniana Turcz.
Schinus leucocarpus Mart. ex Engl.
Schinus molleoides Vell.
Schinus ternifolia Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.
Lithraea molleoides is an evergreen tree with a dense, globose crown; it can grow 6 - 12 metres tall. The short, cylindrical bole can be 30 - 40cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use s a medicine and source of materials. A very ornamental tree, but its likelihood of causing allergic reactions to some people greatly reduce its use as an ornamental[
The tree is very prone to cause allergic reactions in sensitive people[
S. America - Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia.
Found in a range of forest types, most commonly in secondary formations, in both dry and moist situations[
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Prefers a sunny position[
Young plants grow away quickly, easily reaching a height of 3 metres within 2 years[
The bark is astringent, diuretic, emmenagogue, tonic and vulnerary[
]. It is useful in the treatment of inflammations and tumours[
A resin obtained from the plant is antitussive and purgative[
]. It is used (externally?) in the treatment of rheumatism, buboes, blennorrhagia and orchitis[
The leaves are used in the treatment of gonorrhoea, muscle spasms, haemorrhages and ophthalmia[
An essential oil is obtained from the fruit[
The bark is a rich source of tannins[
The bark is a source of dye material[
The seeds contain turpentine[
The wood is heavy, hard, not very flexible, of high natural durability and easy to split. It is used in construction, furniture making, lathe work, struts etc[
The wood is used for fuel and to make charcoal[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed - it does not require pre-treatment. A germination rate of 80% or more can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 8 - 12 days[
]. When the seedlings are 4 - 5cm tall, pot them up into individual containers and they should be ready to plant out 3 - 4 months later[
The seed remains viable for at least 6 months[
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