The generic name is sometimes spelled Lithrea[
Lithraea australiensis Engl.
Lithraea verrucosa Miers ex Engl.
Lithrea brasiliensis Marchand
Lithrea brasiliensis is an evergreen tree with a dense, roundish crown; it can grow 4 - 14 metres tall. The cylindrical bole can be 30 - 50cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for its highly valued wood.
The pollen and the exudate from the leaves and stems can cause allergic reactions in sensitive people[
S. America - Uruguay, south and eastern Brazil.
Coastal rainforest, semideciduous forests, Araucaria forest and woodland areas in the savannah, found mainly in open areas and secondary growth on a wide range of soil types
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Succeeds in a sunny position and also in dappled shade[
]. Tolerant of a wide range of soils[
A fast-growing plant, able to reach a height of 3 metres within 2 years from seed[
The wood is fine-textured, straight-grained, heavy, hard, with excellent mechanical properties and very durable even when exposed. Excellent for outdoor use, the wood is much used for fence posts, poles and various other external applications[
The wood is an excellent fuel and also makes a high quality charcoal[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A low germination rate can usually be expected, with the seed sprouting within 40 - 60 days[
]. When the seedlings are 4 - 5cm tall, pot them up into individual containers and they should be ready to plant out 6 - 7 months later[
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