Arcaula spicata Raf.
Lithocarpus collettii (King ex Hook.f.) A.Camus
Lithocarpus finetii (Hickel & A.Camus) A.Camus
Lithocarpus gelinicus C.C.Huang & Y.T.Chang
Lithocarpus gracilipes C.C.Huang & Y.T.Chang
Lithocarpus grandifolius (D.Don) S.N.Biswas
Lithocarpus intermedius Barnett
Lithocarpus microcalyx (Korth.) A.Camus
Lithocarpus rhioensis (Hance) A.Camus
Lithocarpus spicatus Rehder & E.H.Wilson
Lithocarpus spicatus elegans (Blume) A.Camus
Pasania finetii Hickel & A.Camus
Pasania mixta (A.DC.) Oerst.
Pasania placentaria (Blume) Oerst.
Pasania pseudomolucca (Morales ex A.DC.) Oerst.
Pasania spicata Oerst.
Quercus anceps Korth.
Quercus arcaula microcalyx (Korth.) Blume
Quercus arcaula racemosa Blume
Quercus arcola Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.
Quercus depressa Blume
Quercus elegans Blume
Quercus glaberrima Blume
Quercus gracilipes Miq.
Quercus grandifolia D.Don
Quercus hystrix longispica Gamble
Quercus microcalyx Korth.
Quercus mixta A.DC.
Quercus placentaria Blume
Quercus pseudomolucca Morales ex A.DC.
Quercus racemosa Jack
Quercus rhioensis Hance
Quercus sphacelata Blume
Quercus spicata Sm.
Quercus squamata Roxb.
Synaedrys pseudomolucca (Morales ex A.DC.) Koidz.
Synaedrys spicata Koidz.
Lithocarpus elegans is an evergreen tree that can grow from 5 - 30 metres tall. The bole can be from 20 - 70cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials.
E. Asia - southern China, northeast India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia
Found on a variety of soils, growing in hill mixed dipterocarp forest to lower montane forest; at elevations up to 1500 metres[
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In the tropics, the genus Lithocarpus is generally found in lowland to montane forests, usually below elevations of 2,000 metres occasionally to 3,000 metres. The genus usually grows in areas with year-round rainfall, disliking dry seasons.
Young plants usually grow sucessfully in the shade of woodland, but older trees like a more sunny position. Lithocarpus species are mainly found in well-drained soils, often growing on slopes; they tend to be tolerant of a range of soil textures and to prefer an acid to neutral pH.
The plant usually flowers all year round in the southern part of its range[
Seed - raw or cooked[
]. Rarely eaten[
]. The ovoid or depressed ovoid to subglobose seed is 10 - 23mm long and 10 - 30mm wide with a thin shell[
The seed is usually cooked before eating, though it can also be eaten raw. It can be eaten whole, though it is more commonly dried, then ground into a powder and used as a thickening in stews etc or mixed with cereals for making bread.
The main disadvantage of the seed is that it is often rich in tannins, making it bitter and astringent. These tannins can be largely removed by soaking the seeds in water then throwing the water away. The process should be repeated until the seed no longer tastes bitter.
The bark of most species is rich in tannins and can be used as a dye and preservative for ropes etc[
The sapwood is yellowish or brownish. The wood is used locally for purposes such as fence post, mining props, shingles, boat building, and for making tool handles, rice pounder, poles for carts etc[
The wood makes a good fuel and can be used to make charcoal[
Seed - it quickly loses viability if it is allowed to dry out. It can be stored moist and cool, but is best sown as soon as it is ripe in an outdoor seed bed, though it must be protected from mice, squirrels etc. Small quantities of seed can be sown in deep pots in a cold frame. Plants produce a deep taproot and need to be planted out into their permanent positions as soon as possible, in fact seed sown in situ will produce the best trees[
]. Trees should not be left in a nursery bed for more than 2 growing seasons without being moved or they will transplant very badly.
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