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Useful Tropical Plants

Limnophila aromatica

(Lam.) Merr.

Plantaginaceae


The plant is closely related to Limnophila chinensis, and is seen as no more than a form of that species in some treatments[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Ambulia aromatica Lam.

Limnophila aromaticoides Yang. & Yen.

Limnophila chinensis aromatica (Lam.) T.Yamazaki.

Limnophila gratissima Blume

Limnophila punctata Blume

Limnophila punctata subracemosa Benth.

Common Name: Swamp Leaf

Limnophila aromatica
Flowering stem
Photograph by: Vinayaraj
Creative Commons License
Limnophila aromatica Limnophila aromatica

General Information

Swamp leaf is a variable, fleshy, annual to perennial herb growing 30 - 100cm tall[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]
The plant is occasionally cultivated and harvested from the wild for its edible leafy stems. It is often sold in local markets. With its attractive flowers, the plant can be grown as an ornamental in gardens[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
This species has a broad distribution, from India, Japan and the Korean Peninsula south to the Philippines and Indonesia, it is able to exploit anthropogenic habitats such as rice fields and is unlikely to be threatened with extinction in the short term. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, to Australia and Micronesia.

Habitat

Around reservoirs and other moist places at low elevations in southern China[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. Shallow ponds or marshy localities, at elevations from sea-level to 1,000 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitAnnual/Perennial
Height0.50 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



Plants are polymorphic, varying in shape and habit depending on the degree of immersion in water[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

The leafy stems can be eaten raw or cooked as a side dish with rice[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
]. They have a distinctive aroma and flavour and are an essential ingredient of several sweet and sour Vietnamese recipes[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
].

Medicinal

The leaves are antispasmodic, appetizer, disinfectant, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge and galactagogue[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. A decoction is given in the treatment of fevers, gravel in the kidneys, haematuria, to promote the appetite, and to clear mucus from the bronchial tubes[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Eating the plant is thought to calm the stomach after eating a durian (Durio zibethinus)[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The sap of the leaves is used to clean wounds and sores on the legs[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. It is considered to be a rather strong treatment[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The plant contains 0.13% essential oil, the terpenes 'DELTA'-limonene and 'DELTA'-perillaldehyde being important constituents[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The bactericidal activities of this essential oil against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus were similar to those of a streptomycin and chloramphenicol reference. The activities of the essential oil against Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans and Rhizopus oryzae, however, were more marked than those of griseofulvin as reference[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - should be kept dry in storage[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Surface sow on moist sand at 25c and cover with glass. Keep moist in a sunny position, prick seedlings out into a sand/loam mix and, once established, gradually raise the water level[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cuttings. The stems often form basal roots, and these can be used as propagation material[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-06-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Limnophila+aromatica>

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