Feuilleea incurialis (Vell.) Kuntze
Mimosa incurialis Vell.
Pithecellobium incuriale (Vell.) Benth.
Pithecellobium martianum Benth.
Leucochloron incuriale is an evergreen tree with a small, fairly light, pyramidal crown; it can grow 15 - 25 metres tall. The bole has a very corky bark and can be 50 - 70cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its decorative timber. It is a good species for reforestation projects and is also often grown as an ornamental[
S. America - eastern Brazil.
Open areas at higher elevations, usually in well-drained soils[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Requires a sunny position[
]. Found in the wild mainly in well-drained soils[
]. Established plants are drought tolerant[
A fast-growing species, easily reaching a height of 3 metres or more within 2 years from seed[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
A natural pioneer species within its native range, it is fast-growing and also fixes atmospheric nitrogen. Suitable for native reforestation projects, it would probably also be a good choice as a pioneer for establishing a woodland garden[
The wood is of medium texture, moderately heavy, hard, with good mechanical properties and with a good natural durability. A decorative wood, it is used for fine furniture, decorative veneer, panels, doors, musical instruments etc[
Seed - it has a hard seedcoat and, unless sown as soon as it is ripe and still moist, may benefit from scarification before sowing to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing. Seedlings resent root disturbance, so sow the seeds in individual containers in a semi-shaded position. A high germination rate in excess of 80% can usually be expected, with the seed sprouting within 7 - 15 days[
]. Seedlings develop very quickly and they should be ready to plant out 3 - 4 months later.
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