Aquilicia otillis Gaertn.
Leea biserrata Miq.
Leea celebica C.B.Clarke
Leea divaricata Teijsm. & Binn.
Leea expansa W.G.Craib
Leea fuliginosa Miq.
Leea gigantea Griff.
Leea gracilis Lauterb.
Leea naumannii Engl.
Leea novaguineensis Valeton
Leea ottilis (Gaertn.) DC.
Leea palambanica Miq.
Leea pubescens Zipp. ex Miq.
Leea ramosii Merr.
Leea roehrsiana Sander ex Mast.
Leea sambucina Willd.
Leea sambucina biserrata (Miq.) Miq.
Leea sambucina heterophylla Zipp. ex Miq.
Leea sambucina occidentalis C.B.Clarke
Leea sambucina robusta Miq.
Leea sambucina roehrsiana (Sander ex Mast.) Chitt.
Leea sambucina simplex Miq.
Leea sambucina sumatrana (Miq.) Miq.
Leea sumatrana Miq.
Leea sundaica Miq.
Leea umbraculifera C.B.Clarke
Leea viridiflora Planch.
Staphylea indica Burm.f.
Leea indica is an erect shrub to small tree, often with several stems. It usually grows from 2 - 10 metres tall, occasionally to 16 metres, with stems around 19cm in diameter. Plants are frequently stilt-rooted[
The plant is gathered from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. It is locally cultivated in India and China for medicinal purposes[
], is often grown as an ornamental, and is also grown as a green manure.
E. Asia - southern China, Indian subcontinent, through tropical Asia to Australia and SW Pacific.
Undisturbed to slightly disturbed (open sites) in mixed dipterocarp, swamp and sub-montane forests up to elevations of 1,200 metres[
]. Usually on alluvial sites and near or along rivers and streams[
]. Also found on limestone[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Succeeds in full or partial sun, preferring a moist, fertile, well-drained soil[
Plants respond well to coppicing[
The tender shoots are used as a vegetable[
]. The fruit is a purple-black berry 5 - 10mm in diameter, occasionally to 15mm, containing 6 seeds[
The juice of young leaves is used as a digestive[
]. Young shoots are chewed to relieve a severe cough[
The pounded leaves are used for poulticing cuts and skin complaints in general. They are placed upon the head in cases of fever, headache and as a general anodyne for body pains[
]. The leaf juice is applied on the head as a remedy for dizziness or vertigo[
]. A decoction of the shoots is applied to sores[
]. In the Oro province the body is beaten for some time with leafy shoots to relieve body pains, fevers and sleeplessness[
The root is considered antipyretic and diaphoretic. It is used to relieve muscular pain, and is an ingredient of a preparation to treat leucorrhoea, intestinal cancer and cancer of the uterus. A decoction of the roots is taken to relieve stomach-ache, colic, dysentery and diarrhoea[
The roots are an ingredient for a treatment against yaws[
]. The crushed roots are applied as a poultice to treat ringworms, diarrhoea, colic and sores[
]. The crushed root is also applied to rashes, stings, allergic reactions etc from other plants[
An infusion of the inflorescence is used in the treatment of chest pain in children[
The leaves contain an abundance of of phenolic constituents such as flavonoids, leucoanthocyanidins, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, syringic acid and gallic acid[
An ethanolic extract of the plant has been shown to selectively inhibits herpes simplex type 1 (HSV-1) virus at a minimum inhibitory concentration of 0.001—0.1 mg/ml[
The leaves serve as green manure[
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