Calesiam grande (Dennst.) Kuntze
Dialium coromandelicum Houtt.
Haberlia grandis Dennst.
Lannea grandis (Dennst.) Engl.
Lannea wodier (Roxb.) Adelb.
Odina gummifera Blume
Odina pinnata Rotte
Odina wodier Roxb.
Rhus odina Buch.-Ham.
Spondias wirtgenii Hassk.
Tapirira wodier Marchand
Wirtgenia octandra Jungh. ex Hassk.
Common Name: Jhingangummi
Jhingangummi is a deciduous tree usually growing 5 - 10 metres tall but with some specimens up to 20 metres tall with a bole 45cm in diameter[
The leaves are gathered from the wild for local use as food. The plant is also cultivated in some areas of the tropics as a hedge plant and roadside tree[
E. Asia - southern China, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.
Lowland and hill forests at elevations of 100 - 1,800 metres[
]. Dry forests in India and Myanmar[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Succeeds in tropical and subtropical zones at elevations up to 1,800 metres. Grows best in areas where the mean annual temperature falls within the range 32 - 40Â°c, but can tolerate 8 - 47Â°c[
]. Plants are killed at temperatures below -2.5Â°c[
]. Prefers a mean annual rainfall of 1,200 - 2,000mm, tolerating 600 - 3,800mm[
Grows best in a sunny position[
]. Succeeds in most soils of moderate fertility, tolerating poor soils[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5 - 6.5, but tolerates 4.5 - 8[
In its more common, dry woodland environment, the tree is usually small and somewhat ungainly - in moister conditions, however, it can become a handsome, spreading tree[
]. The valuable heartwood is generally only formed in sufficient quantity from trees grown in moister conditions[
The tree is resistant to fire[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.
Young leaves and sprouts - raw or cooked[
]. Eaten as a vegetable[
]. Eaten as a lalab (a vegetable salad served with sambal) with rice[
The gum obtained from the trunk is often used in confectionery[
The powdered bark is used as a flavouring[
The bark and the leaves are used as medicine[
The plant can be grown as a hedge[
]. It is easily propagated by cuttings and so can be grown as a living fence[
The bark contains tannins[
]. It is used for the impregnation of fishnets[
A soluble resin, called 'Jingan gum' is obtained from the stems[
]. It is used for calico printing; as a size for paper; for mixing with lime when whitewashing; protecting nets etc[
]. It is obtained by making shallow, short cuts all over the bark[
]. Especially after injuries of the bark and trimmings, masses of glassy-white exudate of hardening gum appear - which may give leafless trees an eerie appearance[
]. A good quality gum[
]. The gum is of inferior quality[
The bark yields a coarse cordage fibre[
The heartwood is light red when freshly cut, turning reddish-brown on exposure[
]. The wood is moderately hard, close-grained[
]. It is used for spear shafts, scabbards, wheel-spokes, oil presses, grain pounders etc[
Seed - it only has a short viability and so needs to be sown as soon as possible[
Cuttings - very easy, even large branches usually root[
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