Landolphia michelinii Benth.
Landolphia tomentosa (Lepr. & Perr. ex Baucher) DewÃ¨vre
Landolphia traunii (Sadeb.) Sadeb. ex K.Schum.
Vahea heudelotii (A.DC.) F.Muell.
Vahea senegambensis traunii (Sadeb.) Sadeb.
Vahea tomentosa Lepr. & Perr. ex Baucher
Vahea traunii Sadeb.
Landolphia heudelotii is a bushy or climbing shrub that can produce stems up to 15 metres long[
The plant is highly valued for its fruit, which is gathered from the wild and often sold in local markets[
]. This species was at one time the main rubber supplier to Senegal, Guinea, and the French Sudan (modern Mali). Some of its rubber even reached Europe[
]. The plants were so heavily over-exploited that, towards the end of the 19th century the wild population had dropped dramatically and local farmers were encouraged to cultivate the plant in gardens and farms[
]. Demand for the rubber from this plant is now almost non-existent, apart from various local uses, because most rubber is tapped from the S. American Hevea brasiliensis or is synthesised[
Western tropical Africa - Senegal to N. Ghana.
Mainly a savannah and understory shrub, it is often found in open forests and on laterite and sandy soils near rivers[
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The plant grows under trees and is promising for agroforestry[
The plant is said to withstand bush-fires and grazing[
The fruit pulp is edible and refreshing[
]. It is slightly acidulous and mucilaginous and is said to promote good digestion[
]. The pulp surrounding the seeds is filled with a juice that is regarded as very healthful and is sometimes prescribed as an aid to digestion[
]. Rich in organic acids, this pulp is used as a snack, as a breakfast food, and as a source of refreshing drinks[
]. The juice is commonly used to season rice with its sprightly sourness[
]. It is fermented to make an alcoholic drink[
]. The yellow fruit is pear-shaped or globose and often suddenly contracted into a stout stipe, 3 - 8cm in diameter.
A decoction of the stems, or of the roots, is given for treating intestinal pains[
]. It is not purgative[
Vapour from a boiling concoction of leafy twigs is inhaled orally for tooth troubles[
The plant (part not stated) is used in draughts and added to squat-baths in treating haemorrhoids[
A decoction of the roots, and of the fruit pulp, with some lime-juice is added to baths as a remedy for fatigue[
The seeds have unspecified medicinal use in Sierra Leone[
The plant contains an abundance of white latex and the rubber obtained from it is of good quality[
]. The sap is no longer used commercially, but has local applications - to fix bicycle tubes, for example[
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