Carpodinus acida Sabine
Carpodinus barteri Stapf
Carpodinus baumannii Hutch. & Dalziel
Carpodinus dulcis Sabine
Carpodinus flava Pierre
Carpodinus littoralis A.Chev.
Carpodinus oocarpa Stapf
Carpodinus parviflora Stapf
Carpodinus parvoflurus Guynet
Carpodinus pauciflora K.Schum.
Carpodinus tenuifolia Pierre ex Stapf
Clitandra oocarpa Stapf
Landolphia tenuifolia (Pierre ex Stapf) Pichon
Pacouria dulcis (Sabine) Roberty
Landolphia dulcis is a climbing shrub producing stout woody, perennial stems up to 10 metres long that attach themselves to other plants for support by means of tendrils[
The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local use as a food and medicine.
Tropical west Africa - Senegal to Nigeria and extending into the Congo.
Subsp dulcis is found in savannah in the west of the species range, whilst subsp barteri becomes more common in the east of the range, where it is found in dense forest[
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Two varieties are recognized in the Region:-
Var. dulcis occurs in the Soudano-Guinean savanna region of Senegal to Guinea, becoming infrequent in upper Ivory Coast.
Var. barteri (Stapf) Pichon is more widely dispersed in the dense forest from Guinea to S Nigeria and extending to Congo.
The varieties are considered together here[
The fruit is edible but of variable palatability, sometimes sweet, sometimes acid, sometimes astringent[
]. Perhaps these are varietal differences[
The plant is held in Senegalese medicine to have healing properties and is used medicinally in various ways[
]. Research has shown that the leaves contain an alkaloid and saponins, whilst there are also saponins in the bark[
]. The trunk bark has also shown cardio-tonic action[
Serious wounds are treated with a decoction of leafy twigs and powdered bark[
Decoctions of the roots and stems are used for external massaging and in baths and ointments for treating arthritis and kidney pains[
Decoctions of the trunk-bark and root are used as a galactagogue by application to the breast[
]. Weaning is facilitated for the mother simply by stopping further application[
The roots are renowned in some parts of Africa for their supposed effectiveness as an aphrodisiac[
A root-preparation is applied to sores[
The bark yields an abundant white latex which does not coagulate but yields a sticky substance[
]. The rubber is inferior and has found no use[
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