Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Kyllinga brevifolia is a herbaceous, perennial plant with culms of grass-like leaves frowing from a long, slender rhizome creeping horizontally under or close to the ground surface. The stems can be 10 - 50 cm long[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.
Widespread through the tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions.
Grasslands, along roads, in forest clearings and on river banks, at elevations up to 1,500 metres[
]. Open grasslands, waste places, along dikes, rice paddies and other moist places in the Philippines[
The plant has spread widely throughout the warmer areas of the world and is described as a weed of cultivation and agriculture in many areas[
]. It can become a pioneer plant in disturbed areas especially along roads[
]. It is common to abundant in lawns, pastures, and other wet, sunny, disturbed places, and is one of the most common pasture weeds in Samoa[
The plant has a distinctive "minty sweet" scent when the leaves are mown or crushed[
The leaves, stems and rhizomes are analgesic, antiinflammatory, antimalarial, decongestant, diuretic, febrifuge and sudorific[
]. A decoction of the whole plant is used as a treatment against a variety of complaints including malaria; colds with fever; whooping cough; bronchitis; swelling pain in the throat,[
]. The leaves are taken internally in the treatment of diarrhoea[
The pounded rhizome is used as a poultice for sores[
A poultice of the fresh leaves is applied to snake bites, furuncles, sprains. A decoction may be used as an external wash in the treatment of pruritis[
Ten fresh tubers are made into a paste and eaten with rice; once daily for three days as a treatment for diarrhoea[
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