Ceanothus ferreus (Vahl) DC.
Condalia ferrea (Vahl) Griseb.
Myginda integrifolia Poir.
Rhamnidium ferreum (Vahl) Sarg.
Rhamnus brandegeana Standl.
Rhamnus ferrea Vahl
Rhamnus purpusii Brandegee
Scutia ferrea (Vahl) Brongn.
Ziziphus emarginata Sw.
Common Name: Black Ironwood
Black ironwood is an evergreen shrub or tree that can grow up to 10 metres tall. The bole can be 20 - 50cm in diameter[
The tree produces a good quality, very heavy and hard wood that is highly valued when of large enough proportions. It is gathered from the wild for this wood, and also for the fruit, which is eaten locally.
Central America - Honduras, Belize, Guatemala, Mexico; Caribbean - Antilles and the Bahamas to southeast N. America - Florida.
Thickets and woods in the limestone regions of Puerto Rico[
]. Coastal scrub-lands and thickets in the Bahamas[
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A plant of mainly low elevations in the tropics and subtropics.
The plant can flower and fruit at different times through the year[
Fruit - raw[
]. The ripe fruits are juicy, with a sweet, agreeable flavour[
]. The black fruit is about 8mm long[
The heartwood is rich, orange-brown, the thin sapwood is lighter coloured[
]. The wood is one of the densest in the world and the heaviest native wood in N. America[
]. It is close-grained; very fine-textured; exceedingly heavy; exceedingly hard; strong but brittle; very resistant to decay and attacks from dry-wood termites; finishes smoothly[
]. The wood is often of too small a size to be used for much more than posts, but where larger sizes are available it is valued for cabinet making, veneer, cross-ties and canes[
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