Hardwickia pinnata Roxb. ex DC.
Prioria pinnata (Roxb.ex DC.)Breteler
Kingiodendron pinnatum is an evergreen tree growing up to 30 metres tall. The bole can be up to 130cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials.
E. Asia - southern India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu)
Evergreen hill forests and deciduous forests; at elevations up to 1,000 metres[
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This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
A balsam obtained from the trunk is used in the treatment of gonorrhoea and catarrhal conditions of the genito-urinary and respiratory tracts[
A resin obtained by piercing the trunk is used in the treatment of rheumatism. It is applied on the affected joints before going to bed along with a soft massaging in circular motion. In the morning, lukewarm water is poured over the joints[
The bark is used as a substitute/adulterant of Saraca asoca in various Ayurvedic medicinal formulations, especially for treating gynaecological disorders. Tests have shown that, in the formulation 'Asokarishta', the end product containing Kingiodendron is as effective as that containing Saraca[
A methanolic extract of the leaves possesses various bioactive compounds which have antioxidant, antiobesity and antidiabetic properties. The plant can be considered as a promising sources of natural antioxidants for medicinal and commercial uses[
A balsam obtained from the trunk is similar to copaiba balsam (Copaifera langsdorffii and others) and can be used in similar ways[
]. It is used for making varnish and wood polish[
The dark red to reddish-brown wood is moderately hard[
]. A useful timber[
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