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Useful Tropical Plants

Kingiodendron pinnatum

(Roxb. ex DC.) Harms

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Hardwickia pinnata Roxb. ex DC.

Prioria pinnata (Roxb.ex DC.)Breteler

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Kingiodendron pinnatum is an evergreen tree growing up to 30 metres tall. The bole can be up to 130cm in diameter[
1510
Title
A revision of four genera of the tribe Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae-Cynometreae in Indomalesia and the Pacific
Publication
Blumea Vol 18, No 1 1970, pp 1-52
Author
M.S. Knaap-van Meeuwen
Publisher
 
Year
1970
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1510
Title
A revision of four genera of the tribe Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae-Cynometreae in Indomalesia and the Pacific
Publication
Blumea Vol 18, No 1 1970, pp 1-52
Author
M.S. Knaap-van Meeuwen
Publisher
 
Year
1970
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

E. Asia - southern India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu)

Habitat

Evergreen hill forests and deciduous forests; at elevations up to 1,000 metres[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
,
402
Title
Contribution to an evaluation of tree species using the new CITES Listing Criteria
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://sea.unep-wcmc.org/species/tree_study/
Publisher
UNEP-WCMC; Cambridge.
Year
1999
ISBN
 
Description
A document produced by UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre in 1999. It contains fact sheets on more than 200 tree species from around the globe.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height25.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A balsam obtained from the trunk is used in the treatment of gonorrhoea and catarrhal conditions of the genito-urinary and respiratory tracts[
244
Title
Herbs
Publication
 
Author
Phillips. R. & Foy. N.
Publisher
Pan Books Ltd. London.
Year
1990
ISBN
0-330-30725-8
Description
Deals with all types of herbs including medicinal, culinary, scented and dye plants. Excellent photographs with quite good information on each plant.
,
1509
Title
Biochemical activity of endangered medicinal plant Kingiodendron pinnatum
Publication
Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research, 2011, 1 (4):70-75
Author
J. Komal Kumar, A.G.Devi Prasad, S. Austin Richard
Publisher
 
Year
2011
ISBN
2249-7412
Description
 
].
A resin obtained by piercing the trunk is used in the treatment of rheumatism. It is applied on the affected joints before going to bed along with a soft massaging in circular motion. In the morning, lukewarm water is poured over the joints[
1508
Title
Ethnomedicinal plants used by the tribals of Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve (KMTR), Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu fo
Publication
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol. 9 (3), July 2010, pp 502-509
Author
S Sutha, VR Mohan, S Kumaresan, C Murugan & T Athiperumalsam
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The bark is used as a substitute/adulterant of Saraca asoca in various Ayurvedic medicinal formulations, especially for treating gynaecological disorders. Tests have shown that, in the formulation 'Asokarishta', the end product containing Kingiodendron is as effective as that containing Saraca[
1511
Title
Kingiodendron pinnatum, a pharmacologically effective alternative for Saraca asoca in an Ayurvedic preparation, Asok
Publication
Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine xxx (2017) 1e7
Author
Adangam Purath Shahid et al
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcme.2017.06.005
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

A methanolic extract of the leaves possesses various bioactive compounds which have antioxidant, antiobesity and antidiabetic properties. The plant can be considered as a promising sources of natural antioxidants for medicinal and commercial uses[
1509
Title
Biochemical activity of endangered medicinal plant Kingiodendron pinnatum
Publication
Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research, 2011, 1 (4):70-75
Author
J. Komal Kumar, A.G.Devi Prasad, S. Austin Richard
Publisher
 
Year
2011
ISBN
2249-7412
Description
 
]

Other Uses

A balsam obtained from the trunk is similar to copaiba balsam (Copaifera langsdorffii and others) and can be used in similar ways[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is used for making varnish and wood polish[
402
Title
Contribution to an evaluation of tree species using the new CITES Listing Criteria
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://sea.unep-wcmc.org/species/tree_study/
Publisher
UNEP-WCMC; Cambridge.
Year
1999
ISBN
 
Description
A document produced by UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre in 1999. It contains fact sheets on more than 200 tree species from around the globe.
].

The dark red to reddish-brown wood is moderately hard[
1510
Title
A revision of four genera of the tribe Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae-Cynometreae in Indomalesia and the Pacific
Publication
Blumea Vol 18, No 1 1970, pp 1-52
Author
M.S. Knaap-van Meeuwen
Publisher
 
Year
1970
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. A useful timber[
402
Title
Contribution to an evaluation of tree species using the new CITES Listing Criteria
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://sea.unep-wcmc.org/species/tree_study/
Publisher
UNEP-WCMC; Cambridge.
Year
1999
ISBN
 
Description
A document produced by UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre in 1999. It contains fact sheets on more than 200 tree species from around the globe.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-12-10. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Kingiodendron+pinnatum>

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