Until 2003, plants of the genus Kandelia occurring in E China and Japan were included within this species. However, they are now recognized as the distinct species Kandelia obovata Sheue et al[
Kandelia rheedii Wight & Arnott
Rhizophora candel L.
Kandelia candel is an evergreen shrub or small tree, growing up to 7 metres tall[
]. The stem base is thickened, but it is without buttresses or pneumatophores[
The plant is gathered from the wild for local use as a source of tannins, timber and fuel wood.
E. Asia - India, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia.
Occurs locally on banks of tidal rivers among other mangrove species, but is rather rare[
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A plant of lowland tropical areas[
The plant is used as a green manure[
The bark contains up to 17% tannin[
]. It is used for tannin and for dyeing in red and brown colours[
The wood is used for temporary constructions, stakes and making enclosures[
The wood is used as fuel wood and for charcoal production[
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