Dianthera subserrata Blanco
Dicliptera rheedei Kostel.
Ecbolium gendarussa (Burm.f.) Kuntze
Ecbolium subserratum Kuntze
Gendarussa vulgaris Nees
Justicia gendarussa is a much-branched, erect shrub growing from 70 - 150cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and insect repellent. It is grown as an ornamental[
E. Asia - China, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.
Along the sides of streams in primary and secondary forests[
]. Roadsides and thickets[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
The leaves and young shoots are antiperiodic, antispasmodic, cardiotonic, carminative, diaphoretic, emetic and febrifuge[
]. A decoction is used in the treatment of chronic rheumatism[
]. An infusion of the leaves is taken internally in the treatment of a wide range of conditions including pains in the head, paralysis of one side of the body and facial paralysis; lumbago, amenorrhoea, swellings, fevers, coughs, asthma, colics, eczema, cephalalgia, hemiplegia, facial paralysis, earache and hemicrania[
]. The leaves are also used in preparations to treat gonorrhoea, amenorrhoea and malaria[
The leaf juice is applied topically in the treatment of earache[
]. The fresh leaves are applied topically as a treatment for oedema and swellings due to beri-beri and rheumatism; to relieve headaches and pains[
]. A decoction is used for bathing during and after childbirth[
The bitter root is anodyne, diaphoretic, diuretic and laxative[
]. It is used for treating rheumatism, thrush, fevers, cough, dysuria, diarrhoea, jaundice and as antivenin[
The root bark is antiamoebic, antitussive, diuretic, emetic and febrifuge[
]. It is used in the treatment of wounds and allergies[
The whole plant is emetic and febrifuge[
]. A decoction is used to treat bruises[
The plant is often used for living fences[
The dried leaves are used to repel insects from clothing[
Seed - sow in containers. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out when large enough.
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