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Useful Tropical Plants

Juglans olanchana

Standl. & L.O.Williams

Juglandaceae

+ Synonyms

Juglans guatemalensis W.E.Manning

Common Name:

Juglans olanchana
Two year old cultivated trees
Photograph by: treesftf
Creative Commons Attribution 2.0
Juglans olanchana Juglans olanchana Juglans olanchana Juglans olanchana

General Information

Juglans olanchana is a large, deciduous tree that can reach a height of 55 metres[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
]. The bole can be up to 2 metres in diameter[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible seeds, valuable timber and tannins. It is also sometimes cultivated in Central America for its seeds[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].
The tree is classified as 'Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2010)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
595
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 38
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University.
Year
1957
ISBN
 
Description
Amongst other things, it contains an article on the Juglans of central America. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Central America - Costa Rica to Mexico.

Habitat

Mountain sides, river bottoms, along water courses, cafetales, at elevations from 500 - 1,500 metres in Guatemala[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Properties

Conservation StatusEndangered
Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height45.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A tree mainly found at medium elevations in the tropics, most commonly between 400 - 1,600 metres, though there is one report of a specimen collected near sea level in Nicaragua. It grows in areas of good rainfall.

Edible Uses

Seed - raw or cooked[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
]. The shells are 34 - 45mm in diameter and 32 - 42mm long[
595
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 38
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University.
Year
1957
ISBN
 
Description
Amongst other things, it contains an article on the Juglans of central America. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The husk of the fruit is used as a source of tannins[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

The wood is used for making fancy furniture[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].
We do not have any more information for this species, but the general description for the wood of the tropical members of this genus is as follows:-
The heartwood is chocolate-brown and generally darker than the North American black walnut (Juglans nigra), sometimes with a purplish cast; it is sharply demarcated from the whitish sapwood. The texture is rather coarse; the grain is straight to irregular; luster is high; odour and taste are mild but distinctive. The wood dries very slowly, wet zones persist, and severe honeycombing and collapse may occur in stock thicker than 10cm x 10cm. The wood works well, cutting cleanly with hand and machine tools and taking an excellent finish. It also peels and slices readily but the veneers are also reported to dry slowly. It is used for decorative veneers, furniture, cabinet work, interior finish, and other applications similar to the North American black walnut[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
].

Propagation

Seed -

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