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Useful Tropical Plants

Jodina rhombifolia

(Hook. & Arn.) Reissek

Santalaceae


The species name is sometimes spelt Iodina[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Celastrus rhombifolius Hook. & Arn.

Ilex cuneifolia bonariensis DC.

Jodina bonariensis (DC.) Kuntze

Jodina cuneifolia (L.) Miers

Jodina ruscifolia Hook. & Arn.

Common Name:

Jodina rhombifolia
The thick bark offers some protection from fire
Photograph by: Greta Aline Dettke; Flora digital do Rio Grande do Sul e de Santa Catarina
Creative Commons License
Jodina rhombifolia Jodina rhombifolia Jodina rhombifolia Jodina rhombifolia

General Information

Jodina rhombifolia is a small, evergreen tree with an elongated, pyramidal crown; it can grow up to 8 metres tall. The straight bole can be 35cm in diameter[
549
Title
Flore Forestiere Du Globe
Publication
 
Author
Chnacerel L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Gauthier-Villars et Co.; Paris.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
Written in French, a very detailed work on the timbers of the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. The leaves are spiny[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The plant is a popular herbal medicine in southern S. America and is also a source of timber, fuel and tannins. The bark is gathered from the wild as a commercial source of tannins. A very ornamental plant with small, aromatic flowers.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, southern Brazil, Bolivia.

Habitat

An understorey tree in Araucaria forests and in coastal broadleaved forests, preferring well-drained soils[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height8.00 m
Growth RateSlow
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Succeeds in full sun and partial shade[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The tree is slow-growing, even when young[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The aerial parts are a popular folk medicine, being used internally mainly for the treatment of digestive problems and the common cold[
594
Title
Chemical and anti-ulcer evaluation of Jodina rhombifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Reissek extracts
Publication
 
Author
Montanha J.A. Et al
Website
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-695X2009000100007
Publisher
Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy
Year
Jan/Mar 2009
ISBN
 
Description
A research paper on the effectiveness of Jodina rhombifolia as an anti-ulcer treatment. Available as a PDF document on the Internet.
,
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
].
Applied externally, the roasted and powdered leaves are used to heal infected wounds, chronic skin ulcers and other skin diseases such as rash; carcinoma or nasal polyps[
594
Title
Chemical and anti-ulcer evaluation of Jodina rhombifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Reissek extracts
Publication
 
Author
Montanha J.A. Et al
Website
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-695X2009000100007
Publisher
Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy
Year
Jan/Mar 2009
ISBN
 
Description
A research paper on the effectiveness of Jodina rhombifolia as an anti-ulcer treatment. Available as a PDF document on the Internet.
,
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
].

The bark is astringent. It is used in the treatment of dysentery[
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
].

Research has shown the presence of a number of C-glycosylflavonoids in the aerial parts of the plant, including vicenin-2, which was isolated as the main component, plus vitexin, orientin and swertisin[
594
Title
Chemical and anti-ulcer evaluation of Jodina rhombifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Reissek extracts
Publication
 
Author
Montanha J.A. Et al
Website
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-695X2009000100007
Publisher
Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy
Year
Jan/Mar 2009
ISBN
 
Description
A research paper on the effectiveness of Jodina rhombifolia as an anti-ulcer treatment. Available as a PDF document on the Internet.
]. Oral administration of both aqueous and hydroethanolic extracts were shown to lead to a significant decrease in the ulcer index[
594
Title
Chemical and anti-ulcer evaluation of Jodina rhombifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Reissek extracts
Publication
 
Author
Montanha J.A. Et al
Website
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-695X2009000100007
Publisher
Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy
Year
Jan/Mar 2009
ISBN
 
Description
A research paper on the effectiveness of Jodina rhombifolia as an anti-ulcer treatment. Available as a PDF document on the Internet.
].

Other Uses

The thick bark is a source of tannins[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is used on a commercial basis[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

The white wood is straight-grained, compact, elastic, of good durability[
549
Title
Flore Forestiere Du Globe
Publication
 
Author
Chnacerel L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Gauthier-Villars et Co.; Paris.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
Written in French, a very detailed work on the timbers of the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Soft and rather light according to one report[
549
Title
Flore Forestiere Du Globe
Publication
 
Author
Chnacerel L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Gauthier-Villars et Co.; Paris.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
Written in French, a very detailed work on the timbers of the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
], whilst another says that it is heavy and hard to cut[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Of rather small dimensions, it is used for general carpentry, stakes, sleepers etc[
549
Title
Flore Forestiere Du Globe
Publication
 
Author
Chnacerel L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Gauthier-Villars et Co.; Paris.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
Written in French, a very detailed work on the timbers of the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The wood is highly regarded as a fuel and is also used to make charcoal[
549
Title
Flore Forestiere Du Globe
Publication
 
Author
Chnacerel L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Gauthier-Villars et Co.; Paris.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
Written in French, a very detailed work on the timbers of the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A low germination rate can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 40 - 60 days[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Seedlings grow away slowly[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

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