Adenoropium glaucum (Vahl) Pohl
Jatropha lobata Müll.Arg.
Jatropha ricinifolia Fenzl ex Baill.
Jatropha glauca is a little-branched shrub growing up to 1 metre tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It has potential as a moluscicidal, for use in controlling the vectores of schistosomiasis.
East tropical Africa - Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia; Arabian Peninsula - Yemen, Saudi Arabia.
Open bush land, extending to semi-desert conditions, on lava and limestone, at elevations from sea-level up to 1,000 metres[
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The whole plant, including the root, is mashed in water and the liquid is taken to treat constipation and is used as ear drops to treat earache[
The sap is taken as an astringent[
Methanol and chloroform extracts of fresh or dry leaves showed significant molluscicidal activity against the snail vector of schistosomiasis, Biomphalaria pfeifferi. The chloroform extract of the dry leaves showed the highest activity (LD50 10 - 100 ppm). Cold water extracts of the dry leaves also showed molluscicidal activity[
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