Carica dodecaphylla Vell.
Carica spinosa Aubl.
Jacaratia actinophylla Pohl ex Solms
Jacaratia costaricensis I.M.Johnst.
Jacaratia dodecaphylla (Vell.) A.DC.
Papaya spinosa (Aubl.) A.DC.
Common Name: Jacaratia
Jacaratia is a deciduous tree with a narrow, open crown; it can grow 10 - 40 metres tall with a bole 80 - 100cm in diameter[
]. The tree is armed with short, stout, conical spines[
The edible fruit is gathered from the wild for local use, whilst the tree also yields a latex with medicinal properties. The bizarre shape of the tree can be used to advantage in ornamental plantings, whilst it is also suitable for use as a pioneer in reforestation projects[
S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua.
Humid forests at low and medium elevations[
]. Savannahs, riverbanks and forested areas throughout Brazil[
]. Most commonly found growing in the fertile soils of valley bottoms and alluvial plains of primary and secondary rainforests[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
A plant of the moist tropics.
Grows best in a sunny position[
Newly planted young trees usually establish well and grow away quickly, easily reaching a height of 4 - 5 metres within 2 years[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required.
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. A fleshy pulp with a sweet, spicy, pleasant flavour[
]. The fruit needs to be cooked or, if eaten raw, the skin needs to be scored some time before consumption in order to release a copious latex[
]. The fruit is about 8cm long and 5cm wide[
The wood was formerly used for the confection of homemade sweets[
]. Not at all sure what this means![
The fruit is antiinflammatory, strongly anthelmintic and somewhat hydragogue[
]. It is used to treat infections of the gut[
A latex obtained from the tree has medicinal uses[
]. The latex obtained from the fruit and bark is strongly proteolytic[
A fast-growing tree, often colonising open spaces, it makes a good pioneer species[
A latex is obtained from the tree[
The wood is light, soft and of very low natural durability under any condition[
]. It has no utility[
Seed - it has a short viability and is best sown as soon as it is ripe[
]. Sow in a semi-shaded position in a nursery seedbed. Germination rates are usually high, with the seed sprouting within 10 - 20 days. Prick out the seedlings into individual containers when they are 4 - 5cm tall and they should be ready to plant out 3 - 4 months later[
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