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Useful Tropical Plants

Ischnosiphon arouma

(Aubl.) Körn.

Marantaceae

+ Synonyms

Calathea juncea Spreng.

Hymenocharis arouma (Aubl.) Kuntze

Maranta arouma Aubl.

Maranta juncea Lam.

Common Name:

Ischnosiphon arouma

General Information

Ischnosiphon arouma is a herbaceous perennial plant forming a clump of growth 1.2 - 3 metres tall from an underground rhizome[
356
Title
The Useful and Ornamental Plants of Trinidad and Tobago.
Publication
 
Author
Williams. R. O. & Williams. R. O. Jnr.
Publisher
Self Published in Trinidad and Tobago.
Year
1951
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a wide range of plants both native and introduced to Trinidad and Tobago. Gives a brief description of the plant and some of its local uses.
].
The plant is much used in traditional basketry in many of the areas in which it grows, being commonly harvested from the wild. It is also used locally as a source of an edible starch and as a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama; Caribbean - Trinidad, Leeward Islands.

Habitat

An understorey herbaceous plant in forests[
356
Title
The Useful and Ornamental Plants of Trinidad and Tobago.
Publication
 
Author
Williams. R. O. & Williams. R. O. Jnr.
Publisher
Self Published in Trinidad and Tobago.
Year
1951
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a wide range of plants both native and introduced to Trinidad and Tobago. Gives a brief description of the plant and some of its local uses.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height3.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

The rhizome contains an edible starch[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Medicinal

The juice of the leaves and stem is caustic and vesicant[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Other Uses

The long stems are used in basketry and weaving[
920
Title
Anthropological Papers Nos. 1 - 6
Publication
Bureau of American Ethnology. Bulletin 119
Author
 
Publisher
US Government Printing Office; Washington.
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The hard epidermis of the stems is split into 8 - 12 lengths, which are woven into various types of baskets[
476
Title
Handbook of S. American Indians.
Publication
Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 143
Author
Steward J. H. (Editor)
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
US Government Printing Office; Washington
Year
1946 - 1950
ISBN
 
Description
In six volumes, a detailed look at the native peoples of S. America - their culture, lifestyle, use of plants etc,
,
592
Title
Contributions to The Flora of Venezuela.
Publication
 
Author
Steyermark J.A. Et al
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Chicago Natural History Museum; Chicago.
Year
1951 - 1957
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent flora, though made at a time when botanical knowledge of the areas was still very lacking.
]. The stems are spread out to dry in the sun for several days before being used. Without this process, during which they acquire an agreeable red russet colour, the stems would soon become brittle and unworkable. Some of them are subsequently steeped for a couple more days in 'mudholes' by the riverbank, where they take on a fine shiny black. The blackened stems are, however, less strong than those not so treated. Before use, each stem is split in four or six strands which are then drawn between a knife blade and the finger until the pith is removed and they have been made fine enough for the work in view. If white strands are wanted, as for the linings of Carib panniers, they may be obtained by scraping the outer surface of red strands, or merely by laying these inner side uppermost[
920
Title
Anthropological Papers Nos. 1 - 6
Publication
Bureau of American Ethnology. Bulletin 119
Author
 
Publisher
US Government Printing Office; Washington.
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

An oil from the seed is used as a hair cosmetic[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-05-20. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Ischnosiphon+arouma>

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