If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Ischaemum ciliare

Retz.

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Andropogon aesthenos Steud.

Andropogon asthenos Steud.

Andropogon bifidus Steud.

Andropogon macraei Steud.

Andropogon malacophyllus Hochst. ex Steud.

Andropogon patentivillosus Steud.

Andropogon ramosus Blanco

Andropogon retzii Steud.

Andropogon simillimus Steud.

Ischaemum aristatum wallichii (Hack.) Bor

Ischaemum indicum guandongense H.R.Zhao

Ischaemum indicum longipilum (Hack.) Bor

Ischaemum indicum malacophyllum (Hochst. ex Steud.) Bor

Ischaemum indicum scrobiculatum (Hack.) Bor

Ischaemum indicum villosum (Nees) Bor

Ischaemum indicum wallichii (Hack.) Bor

Ischaemum longipilum (Hack.) Alston

Ischaemum scrobiculatum Wight & Arn. ex Steud.

Ischaemum tenellum Roxb.

Meoschium ciliare (Retz.) P.Beauv.

Phleum indicum wallichii (Hack.) Bor

Spodiopogon inaequalivalvis Nees ex Steud.

Spodiopogon obliquivalvis Nees

Spodiopogon scrobiculatus Nees ex Steud.

Spodiopogon villosus Nees

Spodiopogon zeylanicus Nees ex Steud.

Common Name:

Ischaemum ciliare
Drawing of the flowering plant and seed (Fig 1 - 5 only)
Photograph by: Flora of China Illustrations vol. 22, fig. 857, 1-5
Creative Commons License

General Information

Ischaemum ciliare is a clump-forming or spreading, stoloniferous perennial grass with slender culms usually up to 90cm tall, occasionally to 130cm. The erect culms often form branches, they root freely at the lower nodes and, when regularly cut or grazed, can form a dense mat of growth[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
The plant is used as a ground cover and soil stabilizer. It is sometimes grown as a lawn.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - China, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia

Habitat

Open, grassy glades in lowland forests, roadsides, ditch banks, pond margins, and lawns[
475
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Volume 55
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1968
ISBN
 
Description
Contains, amongst other things, a taxonomic treatment of the Phytolaccaceae and part of the flora of Panama. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Perennial
Height1.00 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of lowland tropical areas, rarely found at elevations above 600 metres. It has an optimal growing temperature between 30 - 35°c and is intolerant of frost. It is adapted to a wide range of rainfall regimes, including waterlogged areas in the wet tropics receiving up to 7,000mm annual rainfall per year, and to seasonally dry monsoonal areas of India[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
The plant has been reported as having some shade tolerance, remaining productive and persistent with light transmission as low as 40%, performing well under coconuts[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
]. It is adapted across a wide range of soil textures (except on sandy or coralline soils), fertility levels and tolerates a pH in the range 4.5 - 7 or 8. It is especially useful on very acid, low fertility soils with high aluminium content, and can tolerate poor drainage and some salinity[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
]. It responds well to applications of fertilizer on poor soils[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The plant is not tolerant of drought, but has good flood tolerance[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
The plant is an opportunistic invader of open or disturbed habitats[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. It can spread by means of its stolons, pieces of which may be transferred between cloven hooves[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is grown as a cover grass to bind soil and reduce erosion[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. It has been shown to grow well in the shade of a coconut plantation[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
]. It spreads rapidly from cuttings, giving good competition against annual weeds after soil disturbance or clearing of forest[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
Responding well to regular trimming, a dwarf form of the plant is used for lawns[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - it shows dormancy for up to 6 months after harvest, with germination continuing to improve for up to 10 months under good storage conditions. Seed can be sown in situ. Seedlings are vigorous[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
Cuttings of the stolons can be broadcast onto the soil surface and disced in, or planted on a 30cm grid[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-12-05. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Ischaemum+ciliare>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.