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Useful Tropical Plants

Iryanthera macrophylla

Warb.

Myristicaceae

+ Synonyms

Iryanthera dialyandra Ducke

Myristica macrophylla Spruce ex Benth.

Palala macrophylla (Benth.) Kuntze

Common Name:

Iryanthera macrophylla
Close-up of the flowers
Photograph by: Rodolfo Vásquez
Creative Commons License
Iryanthera macrophylla Iryanthera macrophylla Iryanthera macrophylla

General Information

Iryanthera macrophylla is a tree with a conical or rounded crown; it can grow 9 - 30 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 22 - 60cm in diameter, and clear of limbs up to four-fifths its height[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

434
Title
Flora of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Macbride. J.F.
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent attempt at a Flora of Peru, though it is clear that many of the plants were imperfectly known at that time and so information on them was sketchy. Available for download from the Internet.

Range

S. America - Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana.

Habitat

Widely scattered, but not common; in dense forest growth free from seasonal inundations at elevations around 100 - 150 metres[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height22.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

The fruit is in clusters attached to the branches[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

Bark grayish or dark reddish brown, fairly smooth, with short, low, vertical fissures, or scaly, and exudes a fair amount of thin, astringent, pale brown resin[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The heartwood is a deep, pinkish-brown; it is often not very clearly demarcated from the wide band of yellowish-brown sapwood which has occasional darker brown streaks. The texture is fine to medium; the grain mostly straight; lustre is medium to fairly high; without distinctive odour or taste. The wood is of medium weight to heavy and compact. It can be air-dried with little or only moderate difficulty; slight to moderate checking and warp may develop. All of the species in this genus have very good machining properties and produce smooth surfaces on the normally straight-grained material, though this species can saw slightly woolly. The wood is easily peeled for veneer. It is used for purposes such as millwork, turnery, furniture, boxes and crates, veneer and plywood, general construction, fiberboard, and particleboard[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
,
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Iryanthera+macrophylla>

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