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Useful Tropical Plants

Iryanthera juruensis

Warb.

Myristicaceae

+ Synonyms

Iryanthera densiflora Huber

Iryanthera grandiflora Huber

Iryanthera trigona Markgr.

Common Name:

Iryanthera juruensis
Mature fruit with seed covered in red aril
Photograph by: C. E. Timothy Paine
Creative Commons License
Iryanthera juruensis Iryanthera juruensis Iryanthera juruensis Iryanthera juruensis

General Information

Iryanthera juruensis is a tree with a conical crown; it can grow up to 20 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 18 - 30cm in diameter, and clear of branches for about half the entire height[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

434
Title
Flora of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Macbride. J.F.
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent attempt at a Flora of Peru, though it is clear that many of the plants were imperfectly known at that time and so information on them was sketchy. Available for download from the Internet.

Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama

Habitat

Dense forest that is free from seasonal flood; at elevations of 120 - 250 metres[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Common in swamp forest on pegasse, occasional in mixed forest[
922
Title
Non-timber forest products of the North-West District of Guyana
Publication
Tropenbos-Guyana Series 8a
Author
van Andel T.R.
Publisher
Tropenbos-Guyana Programme; Georgetown, Guyana
Year
2000
ISBN
90-393-2536-7
Description
A very detailed study of the peoples and the plants they use, it includes a field guide to almost 500 species of useful plants.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height15.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The red sap is rubbed on mouth and skin sores, cuts, and the fungus-infected mouths of babies with thrush. The sap is diluted in water and given orally to treat thrush or used to gargle against tonsillitis[
922
Title
Non-timber forest products of the North-West District of Guyana
Publication
Tropenbos-Guyana Series 8a
Author
van Andel T.R.
Publisher
Tropenbos-Guyana Programme; Georgetown, Guyana
Year
2000
ISBN
90-393-2536-7
Description
A very detailed study of the peoples and the plants they use, it includes a field guide to almost 500 species of useful plants.
].


Thw stem exudate (resin) is used in the treatment of mouth sores, thrush, wounds and cuts[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Other Uses

Bark dark brown, smooth, and yields a small amount of thin, translucent resin when cut[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The heartwood is a dark reddish brown; it is often not very clearly demarcated from the wide band of pale, pinkish-brown sapwood. The texture is fine to medium; the grain mostly straight; lustre is medium to fairly high; without distinctive odour or taste. The wood is heavy, hard, and tough. It can be air-dried with little or only moderate difficulty; slight to moderate checking and warp may develop. All of the species in this genus have very good machining properties and produce smooth surfaces on the normally straight-grained material. The wood is easily peeled for veneer. It is used for purposes such as millwork, turnery, furniture, boxes and crates, veneer and plywood, general construction, fiberboard, and particleboard[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
,
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
922
Title
Non-timber forest products of the North-West District of Guyana
Publication
Tropenbos-Guyana Series 8a
Author
van Andel T.R.
Publisher
Tropenbos-Guyana Programme; Georgetown, Guyana
Year
2000
ISBN
90-393-2536-7
Description
A very detailed study of the peoples and the plants they use, it includes a field guide to almost 500 species of useful plants.
]. Traditionally, it is used for canoes, and music instruments (violins, banjos, and quattros), played in traditional Arawak Banshikili music[
922
Title
Non-timber forest products of the North-West District of Guyana
Publication
Tropenbos-Guyana Series 8a
Author
van Andel T.R.
Publisher
Tropenbos-Guyana Programme; Georgetown, Guyana
Year
2000
ISBN
90-393-2536-7
Description
A very detailed study of the peoples and the plants they use, it includes a field guide to almost 500 species of useful plants.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Iryanthera+juruensis>

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