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Useful Tropical Plants

Irvingia grandifolia

(Engl.) Engl.

Irvingiaceae

+ Synonyms

Klainedoxa grandifolia Engl.

Common Name:

Irvingia grandifolia

General Information

Irvingia grandifolia is a large, deciduous tree with spreading branches and a hemispherical crown; it can grow up to 45 metres tall. The bole, which can be up to 150cm in diameter, is straight and fluted, with buttresses up to 4 metres tall[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. The leaves turn bright red before being shed, an unusual character found in only a few trees of the rain-forest[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of wood. The tree is sometimes left standing when the forest is cleared for agriculture[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

405
Title
Irvingiaceae: Flora of the World Part 1: 1 - 25
Publication
 
Author
Harris. D.J.
Publisher
Australian Biological Resources Study; Canberra
Year
1999
ISBN
0 642 56800 6
Description
A monograph of the Irvingiaceae which includes some plant uses.

Range

Western tropical Africa - S Nigeria and W Cameroons, extending to the Congo and Angola

Habitat

Forest on dry or occasionally damp ground, but not seasonally flooded forest[
405
Title
Irvingiaceae: Flora of the World Part 1: 1 - 25
Publication
 
Author
Harris. D.J.
Publisher
Australian Biological Resources Study; Canberra
Year
1999
ISBN
0 642 56800 6
Description
A monograph of the Irvingiaceae which includes some plant uses.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height35.00 m
Cultivation StatusSemi-cultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

The seeds are occasionally cooked and eaten[
405
Title
Irvingiaceae: Flora of the World Part 1: 1 - 25
Publication
 
Author
Harris. D.J.
Publisher
Australian Biological Resources Study; Canberra
Year
1999
ISBN
0 642 56800 6
Description
A monograph of the Irvingiaceae which includes some plant uses.
]. Rich in oil[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The mesocarp is rarely eaten[
405
Title
Irvingiaceae: Flora of the World Part 1: 1 - 25
Publication
 
Author
Harris. D.J.
Publisher
Australian Biological Resources Study; Canberra
Year
1999
ISBN
0 642 56800 6
Description
A monograph of the Irvingiaceae which includes some plant uses.
]. The seeds are 28 - 34 mm long, 16 - 19 mm wide, 4 - 6 mm thick; with a copious endosperm[
405
Title
Irvingiaceae: Flora of the World Part 1: 1 - 25
Publication
 
Author
Harris. D.J.
Publisher
Australian Biological Resources Study; Canberra
Year
1999
ISBN
0 642 56800 6
Description
A monograph of the Irvingiaceae which includes some plant uses.
].

Fruit - raw[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The pulp is eaten, though it is not usually sought after[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Medicinal

The bark has a number of medicinal uses[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. A decoction is taken internally for stomach and kidney-complaints and to treat menstrual and vaginal affections[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. Macerated in palm wine, it is taken as an aphrodisiac[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Externally, a decoction is used for bathing children with fever and as an eyewash for ophthalmia[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. An ointment is made of the crushed bark, combined with palm-oil, for topical application in treating muscular pain, arthritis, rheumatism, sprains, fractures, oedemas, etc[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. The powdered bark is also used as a rub in order to ease body pains[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

A decoction of the leaves, combined with raw cassava tubers or with a decoction of the leaves of Staudtia kamerunensis, is taken to treat hypermenorrhoea[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Some saponin and tannin has been found in the bark and roots[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
Extracts from the stems have been examined for activity against avian malaria with negative result[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Other Uses

The white wood is very hard, heavy and difficult to work[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. It is said to have no value as timber[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. It is used locally in heavy construction[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Irvingia+grandifolia>

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