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Useful Tropical Plants

Inga ruiziana

G.Don

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Inga foliosa Benth.

Common Name:

Inga ruiziana
New leaves
Photograph by: T. Croat
Creative Commons License
Inga ruiziana Inga ruiziana Inga ruiziana Inga ruiziana

General Information

Inga ruiziana is a small or medium-sized tree with a spreading crown; usually growing up to 15 metres tall but with some specimens up to 25 metres. The bole is moderately straight and cylindrical, often branching from near the ground and up to 38cm in diameter[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
,
408
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 53
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
Contains an excellent treament of a section of the genus Inga. An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet.
,
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The edible fruit is harvested from the wild for local use. It is sometimes sold in local markets[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
]. The tree is often planted in Costa Rica and Panama to provide shade in coffee and cacao plantations[
408
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 53
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
Contains an excellent treament of a section of the genus Inga. An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

315
Title
Flora of Barro Colorado Island
Publication
 
Author
Croat. Thomas B.
Website
http://biogeodb.stri.si.edu/bioinformatics/croat/home
Publisher
Stanford University Press
Year
1978
ISBN
0-8047-0950-5
Description
A very good flora of an area in Panama. Written some years ago, so some of the names have been changed. The book is out of print, but the whole flora is now available on the web.
,
408
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 53
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
Contains an excellent treament of a section of the genus Inga. An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet.

Range

S. America - Bolivia, western Brazil, north through Central America to Nicaragua.

Habitat

Wet lowland areas[
408
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 53
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
Contains an excellent treament of a section of the genus Inga. An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet.
]. Tropical moist forests[
315
Title
Flora of Barro Colorado Island
Publication
 
Author
Croat. Thomas B.
Website
http://biogeodb.stri.si.edu/bioinformatics/croat/home
Publisher
Stanford University Press
Year
1978
ISBN
0-8047-0950-5
Description
A very good flora of an area in Panama. Written some years ago, so some of the names have been changed. The book is out of print, but the whole flora is now available on the web.
]. Found mainly in lowland areas, growing in dry, loamy soils in old clearings or along the margins of forests[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height10.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A tree of the lowland moist tropics.

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[].

Edible Uses

The seedpods contain an edible, sweet tasting pulp surrounding the seeds[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
,
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
].

Medicinal

Various medicinal uses have been reported for the plant[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

Used as shade trees in the lower coffee belt or in the cacao grove at below 600 metres elevation[
408
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 53
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
Contains an excellent treament of a section of the genus Inga. An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet.
].

Other Uses

The thin layer of reddish-brown heartwood is surrounded by the paler sapwood, which has creamy yellow or pinkish brown streaks and fine dark gray lines. The wood is moderately heavy to heavy, firm, and compact. It appears to be durable[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The wood is used mainly for fuel[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Propagation

Seed -

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