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Useful Tropical Plants

Inga quaternata

Poepp.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Feuilleea quaternata (Poepp.) Kuntze

Inga maxoniana Pittier

Inga mutisii Britton & Killip

Inga pardoana Harms

Inga roussoviana Pittier

Inga santanderensis Britton & Killip

Inga schippii Standl.

Inga williamsii Pittier

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Inga quaternata is an evergreen shrub tree with a dense round or spreading crown growing 4.5 - 15 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 25cm in diameter[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. It sometimes branches from low down, or can be unbranched for up to half its height[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The tree is mainly used to provide shade in coffee plantations, though it does also provide an edible fruit and fuel.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

408
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 53
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
Contains an excellent treament of a section of the genus Inga. An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet.

Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean - Puerto Rico.

Habitat

Wet lowlands at elevations from sea level to 600 metres[
408
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 53
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
Contains an excellent treament of a section of the genus Inga. An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet.
]. In clearings or along the margins of forests, at elevations from 100 - 1,50 metres[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height10.00 m
Growth RateFast
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details



A fast-growing tree, it can reach a height of 7.5 metres within 5 years from seed[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
The plant can flower and fruit irregularly throughout the year[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. A sweet-flavoured white pulp surrounds the seeds, but it is rather thin and so seldom used[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. The seedpod can be 3 - 18cm long and 2 - 3cm wide[
408
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 53
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
Contains an excellent treament of a section of the genus Inga. An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet.
].

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The tree grows rapidly, casts a dense shade, and fixes atmospheric nitrogen. It has been used for providing shade in coffee plantations[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. When first cultivated, the tree was thought to be immune to attack by hormiguilla, an insect
pest found on a related native species in Puerto Rico. It has since proved susceptible; but as the tree is very adaptable, survives well, provides a low shade at an early age, and is very easily propagated, it probably will continue to be used for this purpose[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is brown; clearly demarcated from the sapwood which is yellowish brown with slaty gray areas caused by sap stain. The wood is straight-grained; medium or coarse-textured ; light in weight and soft, to moderately heavy and compact[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The wood is only used for fuel[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Propagation

Seed -

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