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Useful Tropical Plants

Impatiens tinctoria

A.Rich.

Balsaminaceae

+ Synonyms

Impatiens abyssinica Hook.f.

Impatiens elegantissima Gilg

Impatiens flagellifera Hochst. ex Delile

Impatiens prainiana Gilg

Common Name:

Impatiens tinctoria
Flowers and immature seedpods
Photograph by: scott.zona
Creative Commons License
Impatiens tinctoria Impatiens tinctoria Impatiens tinctoria

General Information

Impatiens tinctoria is an upright, herbaceous perennial herb with a succulent hollow stem that can grow up to 2 metres tall from a large tuberous rootstock up to 30cm × 10cm at or just below the soil surface[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].
A popular dye plant in Ethiopia, where it is commonly harvested from the wild and also used medicinally. It is cultivated as a dye plant in Ethiopia and is also widely grown for its striking flowers as an indoor and outdoor ornamental in tropical and temperate regions[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

515
Title
Flora of Tropical Africa Vol 1 - 8
Publication
 
Author
Var
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
L.Reeve & Co.; Ashford, Kent.
Year
1868 - 1917
ISBN
 
Description
Very little information on habitat, range and uses, but gives good descriptions of the plants. It can be downloaded from the internet.

Range

East tropical Africa - Eritrea, Ethiopia, southern Sudan, northeastern DR Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi.

Habitat

Damp, generally shaded places; rain-forest, forest fringes, shrub-filled gullies, stream margins, shady banks; hill slopes, swampy or marshy sites; grassy scrub; at elevations from 750 - 3,630 metres[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



A very variable species, it has been divided into five subspecies[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A root decoction is drunk against abdominal pains and as a purgative[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
A paste made from the mashed tuber is applied to the skin as a beauty treatment and also because it helps to control fungal infections and it toughens the skin[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The stem is chewed to treat mouth and throat diseases[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The compound lawsone, found in the tuber, shows antifungal activity and is active against fungi causing ringworm and athlete’s foot (tinea pedis)[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

In Ethiopia women chop or mash the inside of the tubers of Impatiens tinctoria (‘ensolella’) into a paste to dye the palms and nails of the hands and feet a dark reddish colour. It is considered a beauty treatment similar to that of henna, whilst it also helps to control fungal infections and to toughen the skin. The tubers are also used to dye cloth[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The juice of the pounded roots is one of the ingredients for a red ink[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
For dyeing the skin, the tubers are washed and sometimes peeled, chopped and then left to steep for at least 12 hours. They are then heated, mashed and the paste is applied to the palms and nails of the hands only (for young girls) or to the hands and the feet of adult women. It can also be put in leaves, wrapped and tied around the hands and feet for 6 - 8 hours in order to get a more lasting dye[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
When dyeing cloth, salt and oil are added to the dye bath where the chopped tubers are boiling, before plunging the cloth[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
A red ink is obtained by mixing the juices of the tubers of this species with the tubers of Impatiens rothii and Rubia cordifolia, plus the bark of Osyris quadripartita, then letting the liquid mixture thicken in the sun[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]
Although the dye components of this species and many other species (such as Impatiens rothii) that are also used to dye the skin red, have not been thoroughly investigated, they all contain naphtoquinone derivates close to lawsone (the active compound in henna) and might be used as substitutes for henna[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cuttings root easily[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-09-22. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Impatiens+tinctoria>

Comments

girmay jalle 17th December 2015 1:23
does it used in modern way of dying skin

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