Icacina trichantha is a small shrub producing climbing stems up to 2 metres long from a very large tuber[
The plant is gathered from the wild and used locally as a source of food, medicines and fuel.
Western tropical Africa - Nigeria.
Forest and jungle vegetation[
]. The plant is also reported to have become a weed of rice-paddies[
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The plant is recorded as being a weed of rice paddies[
Root - cooked[
]. The thick yam-like root attains a large size[
]. Some native people say that the root is edible alone, or can be dried and pounded to a white powder, called gbẹ-wutu, which is used in soups, or added to a food known as ìgbãlò made from the roasted seeds of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus)[
]. Others treat it as a famine-food eating the flour only after prolonged maceration and repeated washings[
Though the root is thus reported edible, a strong presence of alkaloid, and also benzophenones, has been reported in Nigerian material332].
Fruit - raw[
]. The fruit is a drupe about 25mm long with a soft sweet outer pulp which is eaten[
]. The kernel appears to be not eaten[
The plant (part not stated) is considered to be aphrodisiac, and is also used externally to heal soft tumours[
The leaf is said to be used as a wrapper for castor-oil seeds, but the purpose of wrapping them is not disclosed[
The tuber is inflammable and when burning gives out so fierce a heat as to be unapproachable[
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