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Useful Tropical Plants

Hyptis spicigera

Lam.

Lamiaceae

+ Synonyms

Hyptis americana (Aubl.) Urb.

Hyptis gonocephala C.Wright ex Griseb.

Hyptis hispida Poepp. ex J.A.Schmidt

Hyptis lophantha Mart. ex Benth.

Hyptis madagascariensis Bojer

Hyptis menthodora Schrank ex J.A.Schmidt

Hyptis pohliana Jacq. ex Benth.

Hyptis subverticillata Andersson

Leucas microscypha Baker

Mesosphaerum gonocephalum (C.Wright ex Griseb.) Kuntze

Mesosphaerum lophanthus (Mart. ex Benth.) Kuntze

Mesosphaerum menthodorum (Schrank ex J.A.Schmidt) Kuntze

Mesosphaerum spicigerum (Lam.) Kuntze

Mesosphaerum subverticillatum (Andersson) Kuntze

Nepeta americana Aubl

Pycnanthemum elongatum Blanco

Common Name: Black Sesame

Hyptis spicigera
Fruiting plant in native habitat
Photograph by: Indiana Coronado
Creative Commons License
Hyptis spicigera Hyptis spicigera Hyptis spicigera

General Information

Hyptis spicigera is an erect, aromatic, annual herb growing up to 1 metre tall[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The plant is frequently grown as a food crop for its seeds in parts of tropical Africa[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

Range

Northern S. America - Brazil and Peru, north to the Caribbean and Central America to Mexico, Florida

Habitat

Moist brushy slopes or open fields, sometimes in oak forest, at elevations up to 1,200 metres[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitAnnual
Height1.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

Seeds - eaten roasted, and also used as a flavouring for stews and sauces[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
]. The seeds are made into a pulp and then added to soups and stews[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

The oil from the seed is rich in linolenic acid[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Leaves - cooked. Eaten as a vegetable[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Medicinal

The plant is febrifuge, expectorant and parasiticide[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Other Uses

The oil from the seed is rich in linolenic acid[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
]. It has a valuable potential in paints and varnishes as an substitute for linseed oil[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

An essential oil obtained from the plant can be used as an insect repellent[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
]. It has also exhibited insecticidal activity[
1348
Title
Hyptis brevipes (Lamiaceae) Extracts Strongly Inhibit the Growth and Development of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) L
Publication
Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science Vol. 3 (10), pp. 083-088, October, 2013
Author
Hanem H. Sakr, Shimaa H. Roshdy, & Hesham R. El-Seedi
Website
http://www.japsonline.com
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
10.7324/JAPS.2013
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-04-21. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Hyptis+spicigera>

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