Ballota disticha Rodschied
Ballota parviflora Sessé & Moc
Ballota suaveolens Rodschied
Brotera persica Spreng.
Bystropogon coarctatus Thonn. & Schumach.
Bystropogon pectinatus (L.) L'Hér.
Clinopodium imbricatum Vell.
Hyptis nepetoides Fisch. ex Schrank
Hyptis nicaraguensis Oerst.
Hyptis persica (Spreng.) Poit.
Hyptis racemosa Zuccagni
Mentha perilloides L.
Mesosphaerum nicaraguense (Oerst.) Kuntze
Mesosphaerum pectinatum (L.) Kuntze
Nepeta aristata Rich.
Nepeta pectinata L.
Nepeta persica Poit. ex Benth.
Pogostemon perilloides (L.) Mansf.
Hyptis pectinata is an annual to perennial herb that can grow up to 4 metres tall.
It is often gathered from the wild for local use as a medicinal plant.
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia and Peru, north to the Caribbean and through Central America to Mexico.
Common weed of cultivated land, pastures, plantations, road and trailsides, waste places[
]. Moist or dry, often rocky, brushy hillsides, open fields, pine-oak forest, sandbars along streams, waste or cultivated ground, below 1,900 metres[
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Originally native to tropical America, the plant has spread as a weed and become naturalized throughout the tropics. It is considered a noxious weed in some areas[
Plants can flower and fruit all year round[
The plant is used medicinally in many areas of the tropics. It is considered to be antiasthmatic, antibacterial, aphrodisiac, blood purifier, cytotoxic, emollient and haemostatic[
]. It contains a range of medically active constituents including the lactone hyptolide; essential oils; ursolic acid; monoterpenes, of which more than 60% is thymol[
The whole plant is boiled, and the water drunk, to treat asthma, coughs, chest pains, difficult breathing and tuberculosis[
]. A decoction of the aerial parts is drunk to alleviate liver problems and as an aphrodisiac to build sexual stamina in men[
The plant is ground into a powder and then brewed as a tea for treating diarrhoea[
A decoction of the bark is used to treat menstrual problems and diarrhoea[
The leaves are used in a tea for cleansing the blood, and in decoction is used as a remedy for thrush[
Used externally, the macerated leaves are used as an emollient to soothe the skin[
]. The leaves are boiled, and the water used as a wash for treating persistent sores[
]. The leaves wound-healing qualities are especially useful in treating cuts in the case of diabetic patients[
Smoke from the plant is used as an insect repellent[
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