This species is closely related to Hodgsonia heteroclita. It is found mainly on the Malesian Peninsula, whilst Hodgsonia heteroclita is found in China, India and Indo-China.
Hodgsonia capniocarpa Ridl.
Trichosanthes macrocarpa Blume
Trichosanthes hexasperma Blume
Trichosanthes kadam Miq.
Common Name: Lard Seed
Lard seed is a fast-growing, very vigorous, large, woody, evergreen climbing plant producing stems that can be 30 metres long and supporting itself on other plants by means of tendrils[
The plant produces large, edible seeds that are very rich in oil. Commonly used for food within its native range, the plant also has medicinal uses.
The raw seed is bitter and may contain deleterious substances[
Southeast Asia - Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia.
]. Moist places in primary and disturbed forests, forest fringes, and roadsides, mostly near riversides; at elevations from 100 - 250 metres[
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Requires a rich well-drained soil and plenty of moisture in the growing season[
Individual plants can yield 2.5 kilos of oil per year[
A dioecious plant, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.
Seed - roasted or baked[
]. Rich in oil, it has a pleasant and wholesome taste[
].They are often crushed and cooked with vegetables[
]. The seeds are produced in a gourd-like fibrous fruit about the size of a coconut, each fruit containing upwards of 8 largish, flattish seeds[
]. The seed is up to 7cm long and 3cm wide[
]. It contains 50 - 60% oil[
]. The seed must be cooked before eating it, see notes above on toxicity[
An edible oil is obtained from the seeds[
The oil from the seeds is used in traditional medicine[
A decoction of the leaves is drunk as a treatment for fevers. The leaves are also used to cure ulceration of the nose[
The ashes of burnt leaves are used in healing wounds[
A non-drying oil is obtained from the seeds[
The plant is used in dyeing[
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