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Useful Tropical Plants

Hevea nitida

Mart. ex Müll.Arg.

Euphorbiaceae

+ Synonyms

Hevea viridis Huber

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Hevea nitida is usually a medium-sized, evergreen tree with a sparse crown; it can grow up to 28 metres tall. However, when growing in areas that are seasonally lightly inundated, it can become a stout tree up to 27 metres tall[
587
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 37
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1956
ISBN
 
Description
Amongst other articles, it contains an excellent article on the food uses of the genus Hevea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The seeds are an important food source for native people in some parts of the Amazon, though in other areas they are used as a food in times of famine only.

Known Hazards

The seeds contain cyanic compounds are poisonous to humans unless treated[
587
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 37
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1956
ISBN
 
Description
Amongst other articles, it contains an excellent article on the food uses of the genus Hevea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. See notes on edible uses below[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Botanical References

412
Title
Illustrated Guide to the Trees of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Pennington, T.D.; Reynel, C. & Daza, A.
Publisher
David Hunt; Sherbourne, England.
Year
2004
ISBN
0 9538134 3 6
Description
A very terse guide to the trees of Peru, managing to give basic guides to a large number of genera, with more detail on a few species in each genus.

Range

Northern S. America - northern Brazil, Colombia.

Habitat

Usually found in light, sparse, caatinga forests on well-drained sandy soils, though it is also sometimes found in areas that are lightly inundated for part of the year[
587
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 37
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1956
ISBN
 
Description
Amongst other articles, it contains an excellent article on the food uses of the genus Hevea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Lowland and lower montane rainforest at elevations up to 1,000 metres[
412
Title
Illustrated Guide to the Trees of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Pennington, T.D.; Reynel, C. & Daza, A.
Publisher
David Hunt; Sherbourne, England.
Year
2004
ISBN
0 9538134 3 6
Description
A very terse guide to the trees of Peru, managing to give basic guides to a large number of genera, with more detail on a few species in each genus.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height18.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the 'Caatinga' dry forest region of northeast Brazil. The climate is hot and dry, there are usually 6 to 11 months without rain each year. The mean annual rainfall varies from 250 - 1,000mm, and the mean annual temperature is from 24 - 26°c.

Edible Uses

Seed - cooked[
587
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 37
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1956
ISBN
 
Description
Amongst other articles, it contains an excellent article on the food uses of the genus Hevea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Poisonous raw, the seeds are boiled for 24 hours, then the liquid is strained off[
587
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 37
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1956
ISBN
 
Description
Amongst other articles, it contains an excellent article on the food uses of the genus Hevea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The mass that remains has somewhat the colour and consistency of rice that has been boiled a long time[
587
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 37
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1956
ISBN
 
Description
Amongst other articles, it contains an excellent article on the food uses of the genus Hevea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The seeds are commonly used by some native people, though other tribes view them only as famine foods when better foods are not available[
587
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 37
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1956
ISBN
 
Description
Amongst other articles, it contains an excellent article on the food uses of the genus Hevea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

A thin, white latex is obtained from the tree[
587
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 37
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1956
ISBN
 
Description
Amongst other articles, it contains an excellent article on the food uses of the genus Hevea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. This latex is of no value as a source of rubber; indeed, if it is mixed (as has often happened when new jungle areas were opened to tapping) with the latex of other species, it acts as an anti-coagulant[
587
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 37
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1956
ISBN
 
Description
Amongst other articles, it contains an excellent article on the food uses of the genus Hevea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-11-12. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Hevea+nitida>

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