Developing fruits on trunk of small tree
Photograph by: J. Solomon
Herrania nycterodendron is a small, evergreen tree growing up to a height of 7.5 metres, but usually rather smaller[
]. The stem, which is usually unbranched, is usually less than 10cm in diameter[
The edible fruit is sometimes gathered from the wild for local consumption.
S. America - Amazonian regions of Brazil, Peru and Colombia.
An understorey tree in dense rainforests that are not seasonally inundated, at elevations of 90 - 300 metres[
Fruit - raw. The sweet white pulp surrounding the seeds is eaten[
]. This white, acidulous pulp is eaten raw and is most delicious just before the complete ripening of the fruit[
]. The ellipsoid fruit is 10 - 12cm long, 4 - 5cm in diameter[
The following report is based mainly on the seeds of H. Nitida, but the seed of this species is likely to be very similar[
The seed contains up to 66% oil[
]. It is solid at room temperature, turning liquid at 25 - 29°c[
]. The oil comprises 18 - 26% linoleic acid, 2 - 7% oleic acid and 74 - 76% saturated acids[
The following description of the wood is for H. Nitida. The wood of this species is likely to be very similar[
The heartwood is pinkish brown, the sapwood pale pink[
]. The wood has no distinctive odour or taste; it is straight- or wavy-grained; coarse-textured. It is light in weight; soft; not durable[
]. It requires sharp tools in order to cut smoothly across the grain[
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