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Useful Tropical Plants

Heritiera javanica

(Blume) Kosterm.

Malvaceae


The genus Tarrietia has been recognized as distinct by some botanists (for example Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. 1960. Bibliography. Flora Malesiana Bulletin 3: 772.), whilst others (such as 1959a. A monograph of the genus Heritiera Dry. (Sterculiaceae) (including Argyrodendron F. v. M. and Tarrietia Bl.). Penerbitan, Madjelis Ilmu Pengetahutan Indonesia 1: 1-121.) have included it as a synonym of Heritiera. We are following this latter course, in line with Wilkie P. et al; Phylogenetic Relationships within the Subfamily Sterculioideae (Malvaceae/Sterculiaceae-Sterculieae) Using the Chloroplast Gene ndhF; Systematic Botany, (2006), 31(1): pp. 160-170[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Tarrietia javanica Blume

Common Name: Lumbayao

Heritiera javanica

General Information

Lumbayao is an evergreen tree growing 30 - 45 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be unbranched for up to 20 metres; around 60 - 80cm in diameter, with exceptional specimens to 120cm; usually with thin, hard, buttressed roots 100 - 200cm high and 150cm out[
325
Title
Seed Leaflets
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://en.sl.life.ku.dk/Publikationer/Udgivelser/PopulaerPublikationer.aspx?katid={D28373CC-6EF3-4EF8-B097-6D83FABF209E}&serieid={9F1C3DB1-6E7B-4CF1-AF53-F480B0CB40EF}&sort=title
Publisher
Forest & Landscape. Denmark
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of leaflets, jointly produced by the University of Copenhagen and the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, focussing on seed information for a number species, but also giving a lot of other information about each plant.
,
624
Title
The Philippine Journal of Science Vol. 3
Publication
 
Author
Freer P.C. (Editor)
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
The Bureau of Science; Manila.
Year
1908
ISBN
 
Description
Various articles on plants growing in the Philippines. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
1029
Title
A Monograph of the Genus Heritiera, Aiton, (Sterculariaceae).
Publication
Reinwardtia Vol. 4, Part 4, pp 465 - 583
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.
Publisher
Herbarium Bogoriense, Indonesia.
Year
1959
ISBN
 
Description
Somewhat dated, but an excellent monograph of the genus Heritiera. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The tree is a source of 'mengkulang' timber; it is often harvested from the wild for its timber, which is traded commercially. It is sometimes used as a plantation species in southeast Asia[
325
Title
Seed Leaflets
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://en.sl.life.ku.dk/Publikationer/Udgivelser/PopulaerPublikationer.aspx?katid={D28373CC-6EF3-4EF8-B097-6D83FABF209E}&serieid={9F1C3DB1-6E7B-4CF1-AF53-F480B0CB40EF}&sort=title
Publisher
Forest & Landscape. Denmark
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of leaflets, jointly produced by the University of Copenhagen and the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, focussing on seed information for a number species, but also giving a lot of other information about each plant.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1029
Title
A Monograph of the Genus Heritiera, Aiton, (Sterculariaceae).
Publication
Reinwardtia Vol. 4, Part 4, pp 465 - 583
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.
Publisher
Herbarium Bogoriense, Indonesia.
Year
1959
ISBN
 
Description
Somewhat dated, but an excellent monograph of the genus Heritiera. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Southeast Asia - Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea.

Habitat

An upper canopy tree in moist, semi-deciduous to evergreen lowland forest at elevations below 800 metres[
325
Title
Seed Leaflets
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://en.sl.life.ku.dk/Publikationer/Udgivelser/PopulaerPublikationer.aspx?katid={D28373CC-6EF3-4EF8-B097-6D83FABF209E}&serieid={9F1C3DB1-6E7B-4CF1-AF53-F480B0CB40EF}&sort=title
Publisher
Forest & Landscape. Denmark
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of leaflets, jointly produced by the University of Copenhagen and the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, focussing on seed information for a number species, but also giving a lot of other information about each plant.
,
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
]. Scattered, but in some quantity, in dipterocarp forest on or near the tops of the ridges of the low coastal hills[
624
Title
The Philippine Journal of Science Vol. 3
Publication
 
Author
Freer P.C. (Editor)
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
The Bureau of Science; Manila.
Year
1908
ISBN
 
Description
Various articles on plants growing in the Philippines. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height30.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist, tropical lowlands, where it is found at elevations below 800 metres[
325
Title
Seed Leaflets
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://en.sl.life.ku.dk/Publikationer/Udgivelser/PopulaerPublikationer.aspx?katid={D28373CC-6EF3-4EF8-B097-6D83FABF209E}&serieid={9F1C3DB1-6E7B-4CF1-AF53-F480B0CB40EF}&sort=title
Publisher
Forest & Landscape. Denmark
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of leaflets, jointly produced by the University of Copenhagen and the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, focussing on seed information for a number species, but also giving a lot of other information about each plant.
]. It grows in areas where the mean annual rainfall is in the region of 2,000mm[
325
Title
Seed Leaflets
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://en.sl.life.ku.dk/Publikationer/Udgivelser/PopulaerPublikationer.aspx?katid={D28373CC-6EF3-4EF8-B097-6D83FABF209E}&serieid={9F1C3DB1-6E7B-4CF1-AF53-F480B0CB40EF}&sort=title
Publisher
Forest & Landscape. Denmark
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of leaflets, jointly produced by the University of Copenhagen and the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, focussing on seed information for a number species, but also giving a lot of other information about each plant.
].
Plants in the wild are usually found growing on well-drained clay or lateritic soils[
325
Title
Seed Leaflets
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://en.sl.life.ku.dk/Publikationer/Udgivelser/PopulaerPublikationer.aspx?katid={D28373CC-6EF3-4EF8-B097-6D83FABF209E}&serieid={9F1C3DB1-6E7B-4CF1-AF53-F480B0CB40EF}&sort=title
Publisher
Forest & Landscape. Denmark
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of leaflets, jointly produced by the University of Copenhagen and the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, focussing on seed information for a number species, but also giving a lot of other information about each plant.
].
Trees can start flowering in 5 - 6 years from seed[
325
Title
Seed Leaflets
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://en.sl.life.ku.dk/Publikationer/Udgivelser/PopulaerPublikationer.aspx?katid={D28373CC-6EF3-4EF8-B097-6D83FABF209E}&serieid={9F1C3DB1-6E7B-4CF1-AF53-F480B0CB40EF}&sort=title
Publisher
Forest & Landscape. Denmark
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of leaflets, jointly produced by the University of Copenhagen and the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, focussing on seed information for a number species, but also giving a lot of other information about each plant.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

A natural, long-lived pioneer species[
325
Title
Seed Leaflets
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://en.sl.life.ku.dk/Publikationer/Udgivelser/PopulaerPublikationer.aspx?katid={D28373CC-6EF3-4EF8-B097-6D83FABF209E}&serieid={9F1C3DB1-6E7B-4CF1-AF53-F480B0CB40EF}&sort=title
Publisher
Forest & Landscape. Denmark
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of leaflets, jointly produced by the University of Copenhagen and the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, focussing on seed information for a number species, but also giving a lot of other information about each plant.
].

Other Uses

The heartwood varies from light pink to red, darkening to red brown; it is clearly demarcated from the 2 - 5cm wide band of very light-coloured sapwood. The grain is straight or interlocked; texture is coarse; a silver figure is clearly visible[
386
Title
Forest Stewardship Council.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fsc.dk/index.php?id=256&PHPSESSID=367043b95e93a891cf96369e9264cd03
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The site contains information on the properties of some less well-known tropical timbers. The Forest Stewardship Council works actively to protect tropical forests by encouraging sustainable harvesting of the trees.
]. The wood is moderately heavy, moderately hard; moderately durable with a high resistance to dry wood borers but poor resistance to fungi and termites. It has a fairly high blunting effect, so stellite-tipped sawteeth are recommended; nailing and screwing are good, though pre-boring is necessary; gluing is correct; peeling and slicing are good. A good, general purpose timber that is fairly resistant to fungi, termites and salt water, it is suitable for indoor construction, furniture, flooring and joinery, and is also used for ship building and outdoor construction purposes such as telegraph poles, sleepers and bridges[
325
Title
Seed Leaflets
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://en.sl.life.ku.dk/Publikationer/Udgivelser/PopulaerPublikationer.aspx?katid={D28373CC-6EF3-4EF8-B097-6D83FABF209E}&serieid={9F1C3DB1-6E7B-4CF1-AF53-F480B0CB40EF}&sort=title
Publisher
Forest & Landscape. Denmark
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of leaflets, jointly produced by the University of Copenhagen and the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, focussing on seed information for a number species, but also giving a lot of other information about each plant.
,
386
Title
Forest Stewardship Council.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fsc.dk/index.php?id=256&PHPSESSID=367043b95e93a891cf96369e9264cd03
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The site contains information on the properties of some less well-known tropical timbers. The Forest Stewardship Council works actively to protect tropical forests by encouraging sustainable harvesting of the trees.
,
624
Title
The Philippine Journal of Science Vol. 3
Publication
 
Author
Freer P.C. (Editor)
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
The Bureau of Science; Manila.
Year
1908
ISBN
 
Description
Various articles on plants growing in the Philippines. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
848
Title
Tropix 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://tropix.cirad.fr/en
Publisher
CIRAD
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line guide to the timbers of 245 species of trees.
].

Propagation

Seed - at ambient temperatures, it loses viability within 6 months[
325
Title
Seed Leaflets
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://en.sl.life.ku.dk/Publikationer/Udgivelser/PopulaerPublikationer.aspx?katid={D28373CC-6EF3-4EF8-B097-6D83FABF209E}&serieid={9F1C3DB1-6E7B-4CF1-AF53-F480B0CB40EF}&sort=title
Publisher
Forest & Landscape. Denmark
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of leaflets, jointly produced by the University of Copenhagen and the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, focussing on seed information for a number species, but also giving a lot of other information about each plant.
]. There is no dormancy, but soaking the seed for 8 hours in water at 35°c improves the uptake of water and may enhance germination. Sow in a seed bed or individual containers, covering the seed with about 1cm soil. A germination rate in excess of 70% is usually achieved in 1 - 3 weeks[
325
Title
Seed Leaflets
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://en.sl.life.ku.dk/Publikationer/Udgivelser/PopulaerPublikationer.aspx?katid={D28373CC-6EF3-4EF8-B097-6D83FABF209E}&serieid={9F1C3DB1-6E7B-4CF1-AF53-F480B0CB40EF}&sort=title
Publisher
Forest & Landscape. Denmark
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of leaflets, jointly produced by the University of Copenhagen and the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, focussing on seed information for a number species, but also giving a lot of other information about each plant.
].

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