Helicostylis pedunculata is an evergreen tree growing up to 25 metres tall[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and food.
The sap is mildly toxic[
S. America - northern Brazil, French Guiana, Surinam.
Rainforest and savannah woodland[
Fruit - raw[
]. A sweet flavour[422. The ellipsoid fruit is up to 8mm long[
A decoction of the boiled leaves is used as a wash to treat fevers[
The bark contains a reddish sap which has mildly poisonous and intoxicating properties. It is used by shamans to produce hallucinations. Extracts prepared from the inner bark have been pharmacologically evaluated and are reported to elicit central nervous system depressant effects; and certain of the effects are described as being similar to those expected with Cannabis sativa. Because of the close taxonomic relationship of this species to Cannabis, one might expect similar types of chemical constituents in both genera. Whether or not the effects are due to the presence of cannabinoids remains to be determined[
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