Tabebuia capitata (Bureau & K.Schum.) Sandwith
Tabebuia glomerata Urb.
Tabebuia hypolepra Sprague & Sandwith
Tecoma capitata Bureau & K.Schum.
Tecoma leucoxylon miquelii DC.
Tecoma leucoxylon pentaphylla Bureau & K.Schum.
Handroanthus capitatus is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 40 metres tall[
A valuable, durable timber, it is commonly harvested from the wild for local use and for export[
S. America - northern Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; Caribbean - Trinidad.
Savannah and mountain savannah forests, infrequently in rain and ridge forests[
]. Forests not subject to inundation, growing on leached lateritic soils, at elevations up to 500 metres[
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The bark is febrifuge[
]. A decoction is applied externally as a wash to relieve fevers[
The wood is heavy, hard and durable. A valuable timber it is used for purposes such as heavy construction, railway sleepers and parquet flooring[
Most species of Handroanthus, almost certainly including this one, produce a very hard, heavy and durable timber known as Ipe. The general description of Ipe wood is as follows:-
The heartwood is yellowish brown to dark olive brown, sometimes with thin veins; it is clearly demarcated from the 3 - 9cm wide band of sapwood. The texture is usually fine, though it is medium in some species; the grain is interlocked; there are canals in the wood containing a greenish-yellow deposit of lapachol. The wood is very heavy; very hard; elastic; it is very durable, even in contact with the soil, resisting fungi, dry wood borers and termites. It seasons slowly, but with only a low risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is moderately stable in service. The wood has a fairly high blunting effect - stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; there can be some difficulties due to the interlocked grain; filling is recommended in order to get a good finish; nailing and screwing are good , but require pre-boring; gluing is correct for internal use only, and needs to be done with care because the wood is so dense. A very durable and strong wood, it has a very wide range of uses, especially for outdoor applications. It is used for making high class furniture, cabinet work, heavy construction, railway sleepers, bridges, hydraulic works, industrial flooring, posts and poles, turnery, musical instruments, tool handles, veneer etc[
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