If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Handroanthus albus

(Cham.) Mattos

Bignoniaceae

+ Synonyms

Tabebuia alba (Cham.) Sandwith

Tecoma alba Cham.

Common Name:

Handroanthus albus
Handroanthus albus Handroanthus albus Handroanthus albus Handroanthus albus Handroanthus albus

General Information

Handroanthus albus is a deciduous tree growing 20 - 30 metres tall. The usually straight bole can be 40 - 60cm in diameter[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
,
503
Title
Flora Parana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.chaua.org.br/pagina/floraparana-catalogo-plantas-nativas-do-parana
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not quite a flora, but an on-line listing of many of the plants of Parana in southern Brazil. Good photographs, plus descriptions and details of plant uses.
].
Producing a good quality wood, the tree is often harvested from the wild and is also used locally as a food and medicine. The tree is also often grown as an ornamental, valued especially for its exuberant flowering and the attractive silvery foliage of the young growth[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Known Hazards

The sawdust can cause skin problems in woodworkers[
848
Title
Tropix 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://tropix.cirad.fr/en
Publisher
CIRAD
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line guide to the timbers of 245 species of trees.
].

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, all areas of Brazil.

Habitat

The undercanopy of Araucaria forests and in semideciduous forests at higher elevations, the tree can also be found in more open situations and in secondary forest[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height25.00 m
Growth RateFast
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Grows best in a sunny position[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Prefers a deep, fertile, moist but well-drained soil[
503
Title
Flora Parana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.chaua.org.br/pagina/floraparana-catalogo-plantas-nativas-do-parana
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not quite a flora, but an on-line listing of many of the plants of Parana in southern Brazil. Good photographs, plus descriptions and details of plant uses.
].
Young plants grow away quickly, reaching a height of around 3.5 metres within 2 years[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Edible Uses

Flowers - raw[
503
Title
Flora Parana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.chaua.org.br/pagina/floraparana-catalogo-plantas-nativas-do-parana
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not quite a flora, but an on-line listing of many of the plants of Parana in southern Brazil. Good photographs, plus descriptions and details of plant uses.
]. Eaten when fully open and rich in nectar[
503
Title
Flora Parana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.chaua.org.br/pagina/floraparana-catalogo-plantas-nativas-do-parana
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not quite a flora, but an on-line listing of many of the plants of Parana in southern Brazil. Good photographs, plus descriptions and details of plant uses.
].

Medicinal

The leaves are astringent. They are used and in the treatment of inflammations of the nasal passages and the throat[
503
Title
Flora Parana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.chaua.org.br/pagina/floraparana-catalogo-plantas-nativas-do-parana
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not quite a flora, but an on-line listing of many of the plants of Parana in southern Brazil. Good photographs, plus descriptions and details of plant uses.
].

An infusion of the inner bark is used as a diuretic[
503
Title
Flora Parana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.chaua.org.br/pagina/floraparana-catalogo-plantas-nativas-do-parana
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not quite a flora, but an on-line listing of many of the plants of Parana in southern Brazil. Good photographs, plus descriptions and details of plant uses.
].

Other Uses

The wood is heavy, hard, compact, of high durability even under unfavourable circumstances. A good quality wood, it is suitable for outdoor work such as railway sleepers, bridges, fencing posts, girders, axles, wooden mills, parquet flooring, floorboards, barrels, gear teeth, general carpentry and cabinet making[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Most species of Handroanthus, almost certainly including this one, produce a very hard, heavy and durable timber known as Ipe. The general description of Ipe wood is as follows:-
The heartwood is yellowish brown to dark olive brown, sometimes with thin veins; it is clearly demarcated from the 3 - 9cm wide band of sapwood. The texture is usually fine, though it is medium in some species; the grain is interlocked; there are canals in the wood containing a greenish-yellow deposit of lapachol. The wood is very heavy; very hard; elastic; it is very durable, even in contact with the soil, resisting fungi, dry wood borers and termites. It seasons slowly, but with only a low risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is moderately stable in service. The wood has a fairly high blunting effect - stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; there can be some difficulties due to the interlocked grain; filling is recommended in order to get a good finish; nailing and screwing are good , but require pre-boring; gluing is correct for internal use only, and needs to be done with care because the wood is so dense. A very durable and strong wood, it has a very wide range of uses, especially for outdoor applications. It is used for making high class furniture, cabinet work, heavy construction, railway sleepers, bridges, hydraulic works, industrial flooring, posts and poles, turnery, musical instruments, tool handles, veneer etc[
848
Title
Tropix 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://tropix.cirad.fr/en
Publisher
CIRAD
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line guide to the timbers of 245 species of trees.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed or in individual containers. A germination rate in excess of 80% can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 5 - 10 days[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. When the seedbed-sown seedlings are 4 - 6cm tall, pot them up into individual containers and they should be ready to plant out around 6 months later[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The seed has a viability of less than 4 months in storage[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.