Bonatea foliosa (Sw.) Lindl.
Habenaria foliosa (Sw.) Rchb.f.
Habenaria hircine Rchb.f.
Habenaria perfoliata Kraenzl.
Habenaria polyphylla Kraenzl.
Habenaria rautanenii Kraenzl.
Habenaria schinzii Rolfe
Habenaria trachychila Kraenzl.
Habenella epipactidea (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap.
Orchis foliosa Sw.
Platantheroides epipactidea (Rchb.f.) Szlach.
Platycoryne rautanenii (Kraenzl.) Szlach. & Olszewski
Platycorynoides epipactidea (Rchb.f.) Szlach.
Platycorynoides hircine (Rchb.f.) Szlach.
Platycorynoides rautanenii (Kraenzl.) Szlach.
Habenaria epipactidea is a terrestrial orchid growing 30 - 55cm tall. The stout, erect stem arises from underground tubers that are variously shaped, up to 6cm long and 3cm wide[
The tubers are a very popular food, commonly gathered from the wild and sold in local markets as well as in other countries such as Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia[
]. This is a promising potential crop for cultivation and breeding[
]. The plant is also good for ornamental purposes[
The plant is locally common but becoming increasingly rare due to over collecting. Harvesting of orchid tubers destroys the whole plant and is thus an unsustainable harvesting method which should be discouraged. To maintain wild populations, studies on domestication are urgently needed[
Tropical Africa - Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Angola, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Swaziland, S. Africa.
Grasslands with short grass, especially where seasonally damp or in rocky gullies, dry bush, at elevations from 1,100 - 1,800 metres[
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Tubers can be stored in a cool place for several weeks[
Tubers - cooked[
]. They are peeled, cooked and then eaten like potatoes[
]. The tubers can be peeled, pounded and then baked into mealy cakes which are eaten with tea[
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