Copaifera copallifera (Benn.) Milne-Redh.
Copaifera copallina Baill.
Copaifera guibourtiana Benn.
Copaiva copallifera (Benn.) Kuntze
Copaiva guibourtiana Lyons
Common Name: Kobo Tree
Guibourtia copallifera can be a shrub or tree growing up to 25 metres tall[
The tree is much exploited in the wild for its resin[
A relic of ancient Guinean forests, it has become rare and endangered in the wild due to overexploitation and habitat destruction[
]. As a result of this, the tree is now also cultivated (in Nigeria, for example) for its gum-copal of commerce[
Western tropical Africa - Guinea-Bissau to Cote D'Ivoire.
In nearly pure stands on mountain slopes; torrent sides; on sandstone; flooded valleys[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
The resin obtained from the tree is used for medicinal purposes[
The bark and leaves are also used medicinally[
The tree is a source of Sierra Leone copal, used in varnishes[
]. Copal is a hard resin, obtained from various tropical trees, that is used to make varnish[
The wood has some resemblance to rosewood[
]. The heartwood is pink, vivid red, or red-brown with purple streaks or veins, on exposure becomes yellow or medium brown with a reddish tint[
]. The sapwood is whitish and clearly demarcated[
]. The texture is fine and even, the grain straight or interlocked, lustrous, sometimes highly
]. It has an unpleasant odour when first cut which disappears on drying[
]. Though quite hard and heavy it works, saws, and planes rather well and produces a good finish, glues well[
]. The heartwood has good durability and is resistant to termite attack[
It is a good wood for turning, and is used to make fine furniture and cabinetwork, decorative veneers, fancy turnery, inlay work[
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