Guarea alba C.DC.
Guarea alternans C.DC.
Guarea andreana C.DC.
Guarea aubletii A.Juss.
Guarea bilibil C.DC.
Guarea cabirme C.DC.
Guarea campestris C.DC.
Guarea eggersii C.DC.
Guarea francavillana C.DC.
Guarea guara (Jacq.) P.Wilson
Guarea langsdorffiana C.DC.
Guarea leticiana Harms
Guarea multiflora A.Juss.
Guarea multijuga A.Juss.
Guarea parva C.DC.
Guarea puberula Pittier
Guarea pungans A.St.-Hil.
Guarea purgans A.Juss.
Guarea racemiformis S.F.Blake
Guarea rubescens C.DC.
Guarea rubra C.DC.
Guarea rubricalyx S.Moore
Guarea rubrisepala Cuatrec.
Guarea rusbyi (Britton) Rusby
Guarea subspicata C.DC.
Guarea surinamensis Miq. ex C.DC.
Guarea sylvestris S.Moore
Guarea trichilioides L.
Guarea tuberculata purgans (A.Juss. ex A.St.Hil) C.DC.
Guarea xiroresana C.DC.
Melia guara Jacq.
Samyda guidonia L.
Sycocarpus rusbyi Britton
Trichilia aubletii Steud.
Trichilia guara (Jacq.) L.
Common Name: Muskwood
Photograph by: João Medeiros
Creative Commons Attribution 2.0
Muskwood is an evergreen tree with a large, dense, roundish crown; it can grow 15 - 23 metres tall. The straight bole, which can be 40 - 90cm in diameter, is usually free of branches for much of its height, but can be heavily branched from quite low down when the plant grows in the open[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood. It is cultivated on Haiti together with coffee, bananas and other species in an agri-silviculture system[
]. The tree is very ornamental and furnishes excellent shade, making it suitable for both rural and urban landscaping[
The juice of the plant is a corrosive poison which can be counteracted by an infusion of the buds of Jatropha curcas[
The leaves are considered to be toxic to cattle[
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama, Costa Rica; Caribbean.
Lowland forests in Panama[
]. Often found in gallery forests, on alluvial plains and in valleys, it is found in both dense primary forests and, more commonly, in secondary formations[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Prefers a sunny position[
Newly planted young trees are fairly slow-growing[
Plants can flower and produce fruit for most of the year[
A decoction of the whole, crushed plant is drunk as a treatment for angina, asthma and dyspnoea[
The resin obtained from the leaves and the stem, as well as the pulverised bark, is used locally as styptic[
The stem bark is emetic (in larger doses), expectorant, haemostatic and purgative[
]. A decoction is used to induce vomiting and to treat infant's thrush[
Applied externally, the powdered bark is used as a haemostatic to stem bleeding[
]. The liquid obtained from the rasped bark is rubbed onto skin in order to relieve body aches[
The boiled leaves are used as an emetic[
The bark contains the alkaloid rusbyine[
A juice obtained from the roots and stems is abortifacient, emmenagogue, purgative and violently emetic[
The juice is a corrosive poison which can be counteracted by an infusion of buds of Jatropha curcas[
Extracts of the bark and wood contain beta-sitosterol[
The seed contains angustinolide, a tetranotriterpenoid[
The tree is cultivated in an agroforestry system on Haiti together with coffee, bananas and other species[
]. In Puerto Rico it is considered to give too dense a shade for growing with coffee[
A reddish Sandal oil is obtained from the wood[
]. (refers to G. trichilioides, a synonym of this species.)
The very attractive heartwood is pinkish to red, turning light reddiish brown; the sapwood is whitish to brownish. The texture is medium, grain is straight; aromatic when green though odourless when seasoned. The wood is of medium weight to moderately heavy; hard; strong; tough; elastic to somewhat brittle; and very durable, even when in wet ground, with resistance to attack by dry-wood termites. Rate of air-seasoning is slow, and amount of degrade is moderate. Machining characteristics are as follows: planing, shaping, turning, mortising, and resistance to screw splitting are good; boring is fair; and sanding is excellent. This pretty wood makes fine furniture and cabinets, since it resembles mahogany and Spanish-cedar and takes a high polish. It is used also for construction, internal works, window frames, carpentry, implements, cooperage etc[
The wood is a favoured fuel because it splits easily[
Seed - it has a short viability and should not be allowed to dry out, nor should the aril surrounding the seed be removed[
]. Sow the seed as soon as it is harvested in a lightly shaded position, either in a nursery seedbed or in individual containers. Germination rates are usually low, with the seed sprouting within 30 - 50 days[
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