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Useful Tropical Plants

Gomphia serrata

(Gaertn.) Kanis

Ochnaceae


This is a very complex and variable species that is treated by some authorities as a number of distinct but closely related species (see the list of synonyms below). In addition, some authorities such as the Flora of China place it in the genus Campylospermum. We have decided to follow the treatment in Flora Malesiana and treat it as one highly variable species.

+ Synonyms

Campylocercum neriifolium (Bartell) Tiegh.

Campylocercum zollingeri Tiegh.

Campylospermum abbreviatum Tiegh.

Campylospermum beccarianum (Bartell) Tiegh.

Campylospermum borneense (Bartell) Tiegh.

Campylospermum cumingii Tiegh.

Campylospermum kingii Tiegh.

Campylospermum leschenaultii Tiegh.

Campylospermum malabaricum (DC.) Tiegh.

Campylospermum nodosum Tiegh.

Campylospermum parakense Tiegh.

Campylospermum plicatum Tiegh.

Campylospermum retinerve Tiegh.

Campylospermum rheedii Tiegh.

Campylospermum serratum (Gaertn.) Bittrich & M.C.E.Amaral

Campylospermum strictum Tiegh.

Campylospermum sumatranum (Jack) Tiegh.

Campylospermum thwaitesii Tiegh.

Campylospermum vahlianum Tiegh.

Campylospermum walkeri Tiegh.

Campylospermum wallichianum Tiegh.

Campylospermum zeylanicum (Lam.) Tiegh.

Euthemis elegantissima Wall.

Euthemis pulcherrima Wall.

Gomphia angustifolia Vahl

Gomphia ceylanica Spreng.

Gomphia malabarica DC.

Gomphia microphylla Ridl.

Gomphia oblongifolia Ridl.

Gomphia sumatrana Jack

Gomphia zeylanica (Lam.) DC.

Meesia serrata Gaertn.

Ochna angustifolia (Vahl) Kuntze

Ochna sumatrana (Jack) Kuntze

Ochna zeylanica Lam.

Ouratea angustifolia (Vahl) Baill. ex Laness.

Ouratea arcta Craib

Ouratea beccariana Bartell

Ouratea borneensis Bartell

Ouratea megacarpa Ridl.

Ouratea microphylla (Ridl.) Craib

Ouratea neriifolia Bartell

Ouratea serrata (Gaertn.) N.Robson

Ouratea sumatrana (Jack) Gilg

Walkera serrata (Gaertn.) Willd.

Common Name:

Gomphia serrata
Flowering stem
Photograph by: Min Sheng Khoo
Creative Commons License
Gomphia serrata Gomphia serrata Gomphia serrata Gomphia serrata

General Information

Gomphia serrata is a shrub or tree growing up to 25 metres tall with a bole up to 40cm in diameter[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. Branchlets of young plants are sometimes scrambling[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its timber and medicinal applications.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet

Range

E. Asia - China, Indian subcontinent, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.

Habitat

Primary and secondary vegetation in mixed Dipterocarp forests, peat swamp forests, high kerangas forests, ridge forests, and open scrub vegetation; on level land to steep slopes, also near river-banks and on cliffs near the sea, to 1,500 metres[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height15.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

The plant is confined to tropical areas with an everwet climate or with a moderately dry monsoon, at elevations up to 1,500 metres[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
A plant of dappled shade in woodlands[
359
Title
Trees of Sungai Wain
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/Sungaiwain/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with factsheets on almost 1,000 species of forest trees growing at Sungai Wain in Indonesia. Each factsheet has good quality pictures plus basic information on the ecology and uses of the plants.
]. Found in the wild on rocky, sandy, loamy or clayish soils that are usually acid[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. It is sometimes found on limestone, but it is very probable that the soils in the localities concerned have been leached out[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. The plant is often found in the wild in Kerangas forest - a type of moist, heath forest found on acidic, sandy soils that are low in nutrients, especially nitrogen[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Edible Uses

The leaves are chewed by jungle tribes in Malaya[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Medicinal

The roots and leaves are bitter[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. A decoction is used as a stomachic and antiemetic tonic[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
460
Title
Flora Medica
Publication
 
Author
Lindley J.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Longman, Orme, Brown, Green and Longmans: London
Year
1838
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work - many of the botanical names have changed, but the book is still a wealth of information.
].

Young branches are used as a treatment for tooth-ache[
359
Title
Trees of Sungai Wain
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/Sungaiwain/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with factsheets on almost 1,000 species of forest trees growing at Sungai Wain in Indonesia. Each factsheet has good quality pictures plus basic information on the ecology and uses of the plants.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Other Uses

The dull red or red-brown wood is hard and strong, close and even-grained, easy to saw but apt to split in drying[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. It is used as poles or planks for the construction of houses[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
The wood makes a good charcoal[
359
Title
Trees of Sungai Wain
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/Sungaiwain/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with factsheets on almost 1,000 species of forest trees growing at Sungai Wain in Indonesia. Each factsheet has good quality pictures plus basic information on the ecology and uses of the plants.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-23. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Gomphia%20serrata>

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