Daphne eriocephala Wall.
Gnidia eriocephala Wall. ex J.Graham
Gnidia monticola Miq.
Gnidia volkensii Gilg
Lasiosiphon eriocephalus (Wall. ex J.Graham) Decne.
Lasiosiphon hugelii Meisn.
Lasiosiphon metzianus Miq.
Lasiosiphon rivae (Gilg) H.Pearson
Flowering plant in native habitat
Photograph by: Dinesh Valke
Gnidia glauca is a large, much-branched shrub that can grow up to 6 metres tall, or can become a tree that grows up to 15 metres tall, exceptionally to 24 metres[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine, source of fibre and insecticide. It is a good kindling for starting fires.
The bark is made into arrow poison. It is boiled in water for several hours and the residue is smeared on arrow tips[
The stem, bark and leaves are used as a fish poison[
Tropical Africa - Nigeria to Sudan, south to Malawi and Zambia; E. Asia - southern India, Sri Lanka.
Forest margins and associated bushland or wooded grassland, on rocky grassy slopes and around stream beds; sometimes locally dominant in secondary forest; at elevations from 950 - 3,300 metres[
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A decoction of the boiled root is drunk as a treatment of indigestion. The root powder, mixed with skimmed milk, is taken orally for seven days for the treatment of rabies[
The bark and leaves are used for the treatment of blisters, swellings and contusions[
An alcohol extract of the root showed strong in-vivo inhibitory activity against P-388 leukaemia in mice[
Extracts of the fresh bark exhibited larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti[
Leaf extracts exhibited some insecticidal activity against Aedes aegypti, Anopheles stephensi, Culex pipiens pallens, Culex quinquefasciatus, Plutella xylostella and Spodoptera litura, and fungicidal activity against Venturia inaequalis[
Aqueous extracts of the leaf showed some antifeedant activity against the armyworm Helicoverpa armigera[
The leaf and twig were found to contain alkaloids[
A strong fibre is obtained from the bark. It is made into rope and thread[
Leaf extracts are used as an insecticide[
The whole plant, ground into a powder, is used as an insecticide[
The bark is used for lighting fire[
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