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Useful Tropical Plants

Gnetum nodiflorum

Brongn.

Gnetaceae

+ Synonyms

Gnemon amazonica (Tul.) Kuntze

Gnemon nigra (Carrière) Kuntze

Gnemon nodiflora (Brongn.) Kuntze

Gnetum amazonicum Tul

Gnetum cruzianum Gleason

Gnetum nigrum Carrière

Gnetum oblongifolium Huber

Thoa nigra Carrière

Common Name:

Gnetum nodiflorum
Ripening fruits
Photograph by: Rodolfo Vásquez
Creative Commons License
Gnetum nodiflorum Gnetum nodiflorum Gnetum nodiflorum

General Information

Gnetum nodiflorum is an evergreen, climbing plant with woody, twining stems
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine.
There are general threats across the range of this species including extensive deforestation, selected harvesting of trees and disturbance as a result of mining operations. However, the plant is widespread across the Amazon basin and does not appear to be threatened at present - it is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.

Range

S. America - northern Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas.

Habitat

Wet lowland river valleys and coastal tropical areas[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Climber
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Species in this genus usually prefer a position in light to deep shade, growing best in a moist but well-drained, humus-rich soil[
974
Title
Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants - Identification and Cultivation of over 3,000 Tropical Plants
Publication
 
Author
Ahmed Fayaz
Publisher
Firefly Books Ltd.; New Zealand
Year
2011
ISBN
978-1-55407-489
Description
A good photograph and terse but detailed information for over 3,000 species of tropical plants. An excellent reference.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Edible Uses

Seed - roasted[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].

Medicinal

The liquid originating from the cut stem is used as a wash for treating weakness, 'skinniness' and loss of appetite[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

A decoction of the crushed plant is used for treating headache[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

The nut is used as an abortifacient[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

A gummy decoction of the bark is employed externally as hot as possible to reduce swellings caused by muscular injury or torn tendons[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].

Persistent rumours maintain that the leaves are sometimes added to the hallucinogenic drink caapi (Banisteriopsis caapi), but this information has not been confirmed[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-07-23. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Gnetum+nodiflorum>

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