Gnemon latifolia (Blume) Kuntze
Gnetum funiculare Blume
Gnetum kingianum Gamble
Gnetum laxifrutescens Elmer
Gnetum macropodum Kurz
Gnetum minus Foxw.
Gnetum philippinense Warb.
Thoa pendula Blanco
Gnetum latifolium is a very variable, evergreen, large climbing plant[
The plant is the source of an excellent fibre and also food, both of which are harvested from the wild for local use. It is sometimes cultivated as a food plant.
The major threat to this species is habitat loss. It is restricted to moist tropical/subtropical lowland and lower montane forests of SE Asia - most of the ecoregions with this habitat type are listed as threatened and very often they are critical/endangered. However, this species is still relatively common and so it is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
E. Asia - northeast India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines to New Guinea
Rainforests at elevations up to 1,800 metres[
]. Mostly found in well drained primary and secondary forest on hill ridges and slopes; also in peat swamp and riverine forests; it is recorded to climb on Ficus and Shorea albida trees[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Species in this genus usually prefer a position in light to deep shade, growing best in a moist but well-drained, humus-rich soil[
]. Plants have been found in the wild growing on yellow clayish soils, sandy soil of volcanic tuff, and on dark brown soils[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
Seeds are eaten roasted or cooked[
]. The seedcoat must be removed since this has irritant hairs[
Young leaves - cooked and used as a vegetable[
The fibre of the inner bark is used for twisting thread, string and cordage[
]. Of excellent quality, it is strong and durable in seawater[
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