Gnemon edulis (Willd.) Kuntze
Gnetum funiculare Brongn.
Gnetum pyrifolium Miq. ex Parl.
Gnetum scandens Roxb.
Gnetum ula Brongn.
Thoa edulis Willd.
Gnetum edule is a large, evergreen, climbing plant with woody, twining stems.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of oil.
Within some parts of its range this species is considered rare and endangered; it is also likely to have been affected by extensive habitat loss in recent years through conversion of land for agriculture and plantations, encroachment of human settlements and flooding as a consequence of hydro-electric projects. On a regional basis it may well be threatened, however, the global range is large and occurrence in many ecoregions across India means it does not meet the threshold for a threatened category based on range size at present. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
E. Asia - southwest India, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
Species in this genus usually prefer a position in light to deep shade, growing best in a moist but well-drained, humus-rich soil[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
]. This eport is likely to refer to the seed, which in many species is eaten after roasting[
An oil obtained from the seed is used medicinally[
An oil obtained from the seed is used for illumination[
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