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Useful Tropical Plants

Gmelina racemosa

(Lour.) Merr.

Lamiaceae

+ Synonyms

Gmelina annamensis Dop

Gmelina hainanensis Oliv.

Lantana racemosa Lour.

Common Name:

Gmelina racemosa
Drawing of the leaves and flowers
Photograph by: Flora of China Illustrations vol. 17, fig. 1-3
Creative Commons License

General Information

Gmelina racemosa is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow from 2 - 22 metres tall. The bole can be 10 - 18cm in diameter[
1007
Title
A revision of the genus Gmelina (Lamiaceae)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 67: 293 - 329
Author
de Kok, Rogier
Website
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/236278737
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
1874-933X
Description
A detailed revision, it also often gives plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its good quality wood.
Although parts of this species range are designated nature reserves, the habitat is generally subject to logging and clearance. The plant is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
1007
Title
A revision of the genus Gmelina (Lamiaceae)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 67: 293 - 329
Author
de Kok, Rogier
Website
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/236278737
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
1874-933X
Description
A detailed revision, it also often gives plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

E. Asia - China, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam.

Habitat

Open grassy areas to dense (mixed) monsoon forest, primary and secondary forest; at elevations from 300 - 500 metres.

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height11.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Found in the wild in sandy, clay or loamy soils. It is reported to be a drought tolerant tree and light-demanding, with natural regeneration occurring in open places[
1007
Title
A revision of the genus Gmelina (Lamiaceae)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 67: 293 - 329
Author
de Kok, Rogier
Website
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/236278737
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
1874-933X
Description
A detailed revision, it also often gives plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The wood is durable. A fine timber, it is used in ship, house, bridge building and tool making[
1007
Title
A revision of the genus Gmelina (Lamiaceae)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 67: 293 - 329
Author
de Kok, Rogier
Website
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/236278737
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
1874-933X
Description
A detailed revision, it also often gives plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-12-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Gmelina+racemosa>

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